Image: DLR, CC-BY 3.0

Climate Protection and Decarbonization

From 1-12 December 2014 governments convened for one of the last UNFCCC negotiating rounds to prepare a universal climate agreement which shall be reached in Paris in 2015. The German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) observed the climate negotiations and together with international partners organises several contributions to current debates:

  • A Global Framework for Climate Action could build links between non-state and subnational initiatives and the multilateral climate regime, and improve coordination in a fragmented governance landscape
  • Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs): DIE, SEI and CICERO present their work on feasible and practical approaches to assess and review the INDCs, which parties are supposed to submit before ‘Paris’
  • The DIE partners in a side event on “REDD and Beyond: International and Indigenous Strategies in Forest Protection”. The event provides space for experts discussing the social inclusiveness of REDD+ and forest finance.
  • Deforestation is the largest contributor to greenhouse gas emissions in Peru. DIE and GGGI provide a high-level forum to discuss Green Growth strategies for tropical forests to address economic, social and environmental needs
  • International adaptation finance needs to reach vulnerable communities at the local level: DIE together with international partners presents possibilities for and experiences with decentralized, sub-national funding approaches

Research Staff


Sustainable Energy Supply – What Is It About?
Ruchser, Matthias

Diplomatisches Magazin 08.2015

Decarbonisation is no mean feat
Bauer, Steffen (2015)

The Current Column of 30 June 2015

INDCs: A silver bullet for the climate negotiations, or empty talk?
Pauw, Pieter / Kennedy Mbeva (2015)

The Current Column of 26 May 2015

Social norms, trust and control of power theft in Uganda: does bulk metering work for MSEs?
Never, Babette (2015)
in: Energy Policy 82/2015, 197-206

The human factor in energy efficiency: lessons from developing countries
Pegels, Anna / Aurelia Figueroa / Babette Never (2015)
Bonn: German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) / Pretoria: National Cleaner Production Centre of South Africa (NCPC-SA)

NAZCA portal: capturing and catalysing climate action at all levels
Chan, Sander / Pieter Pauw / Harro van Asselt / Thomas Hale / Todd Edwards
in: Outreach: A multi-stakeholder magazine on climate change and sustainable development, 12.12.2014, 7

From Lima to Paris, and beyond: options for ex ante assessment of intended nationally determined contributions under the UNFCCC
van Asselt, Harro / Håkon Sælen / Pieter Pauw (2014)
Copenhagen: Nordic Council of Ministers (Nordic Working Papers)

Why we wouldn’t have a climate problem, if we sent our children to the climate change conference
Nannette Lindenberg (2014)
The Current Column of 26 November 2014

A Global Framework for Climate Action : orchestrating non-state and subnational initiatives for more effective climate governance.
Chan, Sander / Pieter Pauw  (2014)

Discussion Paper 34/2014

Proposal for a Global Framework for Climate Action to Engage Non-state and Subnational Stakeholders in the Future Climate Regime.
Chan, Sander / Pieter Pauw (2014)

Briefing Paper 15/2014

The great transformation: climate - can we beat the heat?: Comic
Messner, Dirk / John Schellnhuber / Claus Leggewie / Reinhold Leinfelder / Stefan Rahmstorf / Jürgen Schmid / Nebosja Nakicenovic / Renate Schubert / Sabine Schlacke
Berlin: Wissenschaftlicher Beirat der Bundesregierung Globale Umweltveränderungen WBGU

Tackling the challenge of climate change: a near-term actionable mitigation agenda
Watson, Robert / Nebojsa Nakicenovic / Erika Rosenthal / José Goldemberg / Leena Srivastava / Kejun Jiang / Dirk Messner
Comissioned by the Republic of Nauru, chair of the Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS)

From combustion engines to electric vehicles: a study of technological path creation and disruption in Germany
Altenburg, Tilman
Discussion Paper 29/2014

Science-practice interactions for effective climate change adaptation: identifying new approaches for collaboration between Europe and low-income countries
Horstmann, Britta et al. (2014)

Bonn: CIRCLE-2, German Aerospace Centre – Project Management Agency, German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE)

Not a panacea: private sector engagement in adaptation and adaptation finance in developing countries
Pauw, Pieter (2014)

Climate Policy, (OPEN ACCES)

Green Industrial Policy: Managing transformation under uncertainty
Lütkenhorst, Wilfried / Tilman Altenburg / Anna Pegels / Georgeta Vidican (2014)
Discussion Paper 28/2014

Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) in Peru: a challenge to social inclusion and multi-level governance
Zelli, Fariborz / Daniela Erler / Sina Frank / Jonas Hein / Hannes Hotz / Anna-Maria Santa Cruz Melgarejo
Studies 85

Providing international adaptation finance for vulnerable communities: a study on potentials and limits of social investment funds
Horstmann, Britta / Günther Schulz-Heiss (2014)

Studies 83

Conservation, REDD+ and the struggle for land in Jambi, Indonesia
Hein, Jonas / Heiko Faust (2014)

in: Pacific Geograhies 41/2014, 20-25

Estimating the Economic Value of Peru´s Forest Sector – Beyond Conventional Wisdom (Fact sheet)
Global Green Growth Institute & German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) (2014)

The UN Climate Summit 2014 in New York - The evolution continues
Messner, Dirk
The Current Column of 25.09.2014

Climate Protection as a World Citizen Movement
Special Report 2014 by the German Advisory Council on Global Change (Wissenschaftlicher Beirat der Bundesregierung Globale Umweltveränderungen - WBGU)

Enhancing international technology cooperation for climate change mitigation: lessons from an electromobility case study
Bhasin, Shikha (2014)
Discussion Paper 26/2014

Is Germany’s energy transition a case of successful green industrial policy? Contrasting wind and solar PV (forthcoming)
Pegels, Anna / Wilfried Lütkenhorst (2014)

in: Energy Policy

Die Post-2015-Agenda – Habt die Weltwirtschaft im Blick!
Berensmann, Kathrin / Clara Brandi / Matthias Schöneberger (2014)

The Current Column of 22 September 2014

Energy subsidies: less is more
Ruchser, Matthias (2014)

in: Diplomatisches Magazin 2/2014, 30-33

We need a European energy transition
Ruchser, Matthias (2014)

Energy Transition, 7 August 2014

'Green and clean?' Hydropower between low-carbon and high social and environmental effects
Meijer, Karen / Waltina Scheumann / Daniel Däschle / Ines Dombrowsky (2014)

Briefing Paper 10/2014

Innovation paths in wind power: Insights from Denmark and Germany
Lema, Rasmus / Johan Nordensvärd / Frauke Urban / Wilfried Lütkenhorst

Discussion Paper 17/2014

Electromobility in India: Attempts at leader-ship by businesses in a scant policy space
Chaudhary, Ankur (2014)

Discussion Paper 15/2014

The formation of a new technological trajectory of electric propulsion in the French automobile industry
Schamp, Eike W. (2014)

Discussion Paper 12/2014

Making energy efficiency pro-poor: Insights from behavioural economics for policy design
Never, Babette (2014)

Discussion Paper 11/2014

Grün und sauber? Wasserkraft zwischen niedrigen Treibhausgasemissionen und hohen sozialen und ökologischen Kosten
Meijer, Karen / Waltina Scheumann / Daniel Däschle / Ines Dombrowsky (2014)

Analysen und Stellungnahmen 9/2014

Different perspectives on differentiated responsibilities: a state-of-the-art review of the notion of common but differentiated responsibilities in international negotiations
Pauw, Pieter / Steffen Bauer / Carmen Richerzhagen / Clara Brandi / Hanna Schmole (2014)

Discussion Paper 6/2014

Scaling up and replicating effective climate finance interventions
Takayoshi, Kato / Ellis Jane / Pieter Pauw / Randy Caruso (2014)

OECD (Climate Change Expert Group Paper 2014 (1))

Stable policies, turbulent markets: Assessing the costs and benefits of promoting wind and solar energy in Germany
Lütkenhorst, Wilfried / Anna Pegels (2014)

Winnipeg / Geneva: International Institute for Sustainable Development (Working Paper)

Knowledge systems and change in climate governance: Comparing India and South Africa
Never, Babette (2014)

London: Routledge

Green Industrial Policy in Emerging Countries
Pegels, Anna (ed., 2014)

London: Routledge (Studies in Ecological Economics, 1-8)

Renewable energy development in Egypt: The need for a new social contract, in: Luciani, G. And Ferrouki, R. (eds.)
Vidican, Georgeta (2014)

The political economy of energy reform: The clean energy-fossil fuel balance in the Gulf States, Göttingen: Gerlach Press, 119-142

Ambiguous involvement: civil-society actors in forest carbon offsets: the case of the climate community and biodiversity standards (CCB)
Hein, Jonas / Heiko Garrelts (2014)

in: Matthias Dietz / Heiko Garrelts (eds.), Routledge Handbook of the Climate Change Movement, London: Routledge, 319-333

Minderungspolitik in Schwellenländern, Indonesien als klimapolitischer Vorreiter?
Hein, Jonas (2013)

Analysen und Stellungnahmen 9/2013

Climate change mitigation in emerging economies: the case of Indonesia: hot air or leadership?
Hein, Jonas (2013)

Briefing Paper 8/2013

Rent management –the heart of green industrial policy
Schmitz, Hubert / Oliver Johnson / Tilman Altenburg (2013)

UK: IDS Working Paper 2013 (418)

Boosting solar investment with limited subsidies: Rent management and policy learning in India
Altenburg, Tilman (2013)

in: Energy Policy 59, 866-874

Toward the green economy: Assessing countries' green power
Never, Babette (2013)

Hamburg: GIGA (Working Paper 226)

Achieving inclusive competitiveness in the emerging solar energy sector in Morocco
Vidican, Georgeta / Matthias Böhning / Gina Burger / Elisa de Siqueira Regueira / Sandra Müller / Susanne Wendt (2013)

Studies 79

Payments for soil carbon sequestration: "smallholders and the climate could lose out"
Kaplan, Marcus (2013)

in: Rural 21 47 (3), 31

Can low-carbon development strategies of poor countries stimulate the international climate process?
Kaplan, Marcus / Pieter Pauw (2013)

published on Outreach - a multi-stakeholder magazine on climate change and sustainable development; Stakeholder Forum for a Sustainable Future

Inclusión social en el proceso REDD en el Perú: una perspectiva de gobernanza en múltiples niveles Lima
Erler, Daniela / Sina Frank / Jonas Hein / Hannes Hotz / Anna-Maria Santacruz Melgarejo / Fariborz Zelli (2011)

German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) ; Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit (BMU) ; Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)


Former projects


Side Event UNFCCC COP 20
Enabling conditions at sub-national level for financing climate change adaptation: experiences from Peru, India and China
Lima, 11 December 2014

Side Event UNFCCC COP 20
Delivering commitments and enhancing ambition: the role of International Cooperative Initiatives
Lima, 8 December 2014

Side Event UNFCCC COP 20
Assessing and Reviewing Contributions under a 2015 Agreement: Toward Paris and Beyond
Lima, 6 December 2014

Side Event UNFCCC COP 20
REDD and Beyond: International and Indigenous Strategies in Forest Protection
Lima, 4 December 2014

Off-Site-Event UNFCCC COP 20
Tropical Forests and Green Growth – between Conservation and Production
Lima, 2 December 2014

Seminar (canceled)
8. Wasser-Land Werkstattgespräch: Der Wasser-Land Nexus

Bonn, 06.11.2014 until 07.11.2014

Environment Impact Assessment and Hydropower

Bad Honnef, 29.09.2014

Exploring the added-value of the Water-Energy-Food Nexus

Stockholm, 3 September 2014

Sustainability in the Water-Energy-Food Nexus

Bonn, 19 - 20 May 2014

Green and social: managing synergies and trade-offs

Bonn, 12 - 13 March 2014

Revisiting "Common But Differentiated Responsibilities": Opportunities for the 2015 Climate Agreement

Bonn, 11 March 2014

Klimaschutz in der Land(wirt)schaft: Chancen und Risiken für Kleinbauern in Entwicklungsländern

Bonn, 6 February 2014

Water Lecture Series
Benefit, cost and risk sharing in hydropower projects on international rivers

Bonn, 25 September 2013

Governing the energy-water-environment nexus related to hydro-power projects

Bonn, 23 May 2013

Video Wilfried Lütkenhorst


Tackling the Challenge of Climate Change

Commissioned by the Republic of Nauru, Chair of the Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS), and presented to UN General Secretary Ban Ki-moon at the UN Climate Summit, the study on "Tackling the Challenge of Climate Change" addresses the need for action, but recognizes that there are multiple approaches and models that can be scaled up and adapted to national circumstances. The study was chaired by Robert Watson, Strategic Director of the Tyndall Centre at the University of East Anglia and co-authored, among others, by Dirk Messner.


Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) in Peru: a challenge to social inclusion and multi-level governance

Zelli, Fariborz / Daniela Erler / Sina Frank / Jonas Hein / Hannes Hotz / Anna-Maria Santa Cruz Melgarejo
Studies 85 (2014)