The relevance of social policies for democracy: preventing autocratisation through synergies between SDG 10 and SDG 16

The relevance of social policies for democracy: preventing autocratisation through synergies between SDG 10 and SDG 16

Download PDF 1,06 MB

Leininger, Julia / Anna Lührmann / Rachel Sigman
Discussion Paper 7/2019

Bonn: German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE)

ISBN: 978-3-96021-098-6
DOI: 10.23661/dp7.2019
Preis: 6 €

Global threats to democracy – one of the world’s most important forms of inclusive governance – have been rising recently. This paper assesses the effects of social and economic inequalities on autocratisation, meaning a decline in the democratic qualities of a political regime. The key question we study is whether different types, levels and changes in distributional inequalities (Sustainable Development Goal 10) contribute to the erosion of democratic institutions, thereby making governance less inclusive (SDG 16). The paper focusses, in particular, on distributional inequalities and more or less inclusive forms of governance (autocracy vs. democracy). Our findings suggest that conventional measures of income inequality – namely the Gini coefficient – have little to no discernible relationship to the likelihood of a decline in the democratic qualities of a political system. By contrast, inequalities in the provision of social services, particularly healthcare and education, have a clear and consistent relationship to the likelihood of autocratisation. As countries provide social opportunities more equally across their population, they are significantly less likely to experience a weakening of their democratic qualities. The findings of our empirical analyses are likely to receive the most interest from international actors who keep support for democracy high on their agendas, such as Sweden and Switzerland. However, the findings should matter to all those who are investing in the implementation of the 2030 Agenda, because achieving SDG 16 is decisive for the overall agenda.

Über die Autorin

Leininger, Julia

Politikwissenschaftlerin

Leininger

Weitere Expertinnen/Experten zu diesem Thema

Bissinger, Katharina

Ökonomin 

Burni, Aline

Politikwissenschaftlerin 

Fiedler, Charlotte

Politikwissenschaftlerin 

Götze, Jacqueline

Politikwissenschaftlerin 

Hackenesch, Christine

Politikwissenschaftlerin 

Hägele, Ramona

Politikwissenschaftlerin 

Iacobuta, Gabriela

Umweltwissenschaftlerin 

Kloke-Lesch, Adolf

Stadt- und Regionalplaner 

Koch, Svea

Sozialwissenschaftlerin 

Laudage, Sabine

Ökonomin 

Mathis, Okka Lou

Politikwissenschaftlerin 

Mehl, Regine

Politikwissenschaftlerin 

Mross, Karina

Politikwissenschaftlerin 

Nowack, Daniel

Politikwissenschaftler 

Scholz, Imme

Soziologin 

Schwachula, Anna

Soziologin 

Srigiri, Srinivasa Reddy

Agrarökonom 

Sturm, Janina

Ökonomin und Politikwissenschaftlerin 

Vogel, Johanna

Kulturwirtin 

Wehrmann, Dorothea

Soziologin 

Weinlich, Silke

Politikwissenschaftlerin 

Wingens, Christopher

Politikwissenschaftler 

Ziaja, Sebastian

Politikwissenschaftler