In early 2011, a wave of demonstrations and riots swashed across the Arab world, which became soon labeled “the Arab Spring”. In order to express their dissatisfaction with their political and socio-economic living conditions people throughout the region chanted: “Bread! Freedom! Social justice!” ("! عيش ! حرية ! عدالة اجتماعية")
This slogan points to the main shortcomings faced by many people in Middle Eastern and North African (MENA) countries, which also drive thousands every year to migrate to Europe and elsewhere.
The German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) investigates in its research how these shortcomings can be overcome:
- How to provide food security and avoid conflicts by a better management of water and land resources as well as of food markets?
- How to secure citizens’ dignity and freedom by governance reforms (improvement of voice and participation, accountable governance, transparency in the public administration and judiciary, independent media)?
- How to create sustainable and productive employment and improve social justice by active industrial policies, private-sector development initiatives and social policy and subsidy reforms?
- How to facilitate low-carbon development by a more extensive and competitive use of renewable energies and energy efficiency measures?
Our research partners in the region