Literature review: drivers of migration. Why do people leave their homes? Is there an easy answer? A structured overview of migratory determinants

Literature review: drivers of migration. Why do people leave their homes? Is there an easy answer? A structured overview of migratory determinants

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Kuhnt, Jana
Discussion Paper 9/2019

Bonn: German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE)

ISBN: 978-3-96021-099-3
DOI: 10.23661/dp9.2019
Price: 6 €

Why do people leave their homes? This seemingly easy question requires a more complex answer. What ultimately prompts a person to leave if it is impossible to find a job due to a conflict that has destroyed all economic opportunities? Evidence suggests that the migration decision is a complex process that is dependent on a multitude of factors, such as migration governance regimes, migration and smuggler networks, access to technology, or individual characteristics such as age, gender and educational background. I use a theoretical framework to present the variety of determinants that have been put forward as influencing migration decisions at the macro-, meso-, and micro-level. This structured overview discusses their importance for different forms of migration and subsequently helps to identify gaps for further research.

About the author

Kuhnt, Jana

Development Economist

Kuhnt

Further experts

Schraven, Benjamin

Political Scientist 

Trautner, Bernhard

Political Scientist