Who gets the schools? Political targeting of economic and social infrastructure provision in Zambia

Who gets the schools? Political targeting of economic and social infrastructure provision in Zambia

Download PDF 841 KB

Leiderer, Stefan
Discussion Paper 27/2014

Bonn: German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE)

ISBN: 978-3-88985-652-4
Price: 6 €

This paper contributes to a growing body of literature on the political economy of public finance in developing countries. Its main methodological interest is to demonstrate the usability of household-level data to study political economy features of public finances in developing countries that commonly escape empirical scrutiny due to poor data availability. The empirical interest is in testing whether there is evidence for or against either of two competing models of political targeting of public sector spending: the swing-voter versus the core-voter model, the proposition being that in “typical” neo-patrimonial regimes in sub-Saharan Africa, the corevoter model should prevail. I use data from Zambia’s Living Conditions Monitoring Survey (LCMS) to investigate whether there is evidence that the ruling party in Zambia followed political motives in targeting public infrastructure spending at the turn of the millennium, and whether there is evidence that such targeting falls in line with either of these two models. I find strong and robust evidence for the core-voter model applying to social infrastructure provision in Zambia. The findings suggest that it is primarily the construction of new health and education facilities that is affected by political targeting, whereas there is no strong evidence for such targeting for the improvement and rehabilitation of existing infrastructure. For roads construction or rehabilitation, I find no evidence of similar political targeting.

About the author

Leiderer, Stefan

Economist

Leiderer

Further experts

Berensmann, Kathrin

Economist 

Breuer, Anita

Political Scientist 

Grävingholt, Jörn

Political Scientist 

Haldenwang, Christian von

Political Scientist 

Houdret, Annabelle

Political Scientist 

Leininger, Julia

Political Scientist 

Mehl, Regine

Political Scientist 

Baumann, Max-Otto

Political Scientist 

Dick, Eva

Sociologist and Spatial Planner 

El-Haddad, Amirah

Economist 

Fiedler, Charlotte

Political Scientist 

Groß, Lisa

Political Scientist 

Gudibande, Rohan

Economist 

Keil, Jonas

Economist 

Hulse, Merran

Political Scientist 

Mroß, Karina

Political Scientist 

Nowack, Daniel

Political Scientist 

Sommer, Christoph

Economist 

Trautner, Bernhard

Political Scientist 

Reiners, Wulf

Political Scientist 

Hilbrich, Sören

Economist 

Gonsior, Victoria

Economist 

Laudage, Sabine

Economist