Food security and agriculture for a world without hunger

Today nearly 800 million people in the world go hungry and do not have enough food to lead a healthy active life, most of them are living in rural areas. In addition, two billion people suffer from malnutrition. Poverty and a lack of access to food are the current main causes of food insecurity. A growing world population and rising incomes lead to a higher demand for agricultural products which puts natural resources – land, water and biodiversity – under increasing pressure. New developments such as urbanization, modern technologies, biofuels or large scale investments in land further challenge traditional modes of rural development.

Food security and agriculture play a central role in the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). SDG-2 calls for ending hunger, achieving food security and improved nutrition as well as promoting sustainable agriculture until 2030.

The livelihoods of most food-insecure households worldwide are still largely based on agricultural activities. Growth in the agricultural sector has a much greater effect on food security than growth in any other sector. Agriculture can thus play a key role in many countries for accelerating overall economic growth and job creation – particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa. But agricultural development would need to respect environmental challenges. Furthermore, for the poorest people social protection schemes are an essential part of food security, especially in conflict regions. For other households social protection can be a social safety net that enables them to invest and preserve productive capital during periods of crises, thereby increasing resilience.

How to achieve food security until 2030? How can agricultural production be increased sustainably? How can the impact of climate change or other stressors be mitigated? What are the future perspectives for smallholders and large-scale agro-investments, which interdependencies exist? Do we need a structural transformation in rural areas? Which mix of social, economic and technical policies is needed to reach different household and farm types in rural areas in order to support their different needs and potentials in an optimal way? How can the design and implementation of social protection schemes be improved to achieve both relief and longer-term objectives?

In a large research and consulting project, funded by the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), the German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) analyzes how development cooperation can become more effective and contribute to increased food security in rural areas of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA).

Research Staff

Publications

SDG 2 (kein Hunger) in der Deutschen Nachhaltigkeitsstrategie: lassen wir die Hungernden zurück?
Holzapfel, Sarah / Michael Brüntrup (2017)
Analysen und Stellungnahmen 11/2017

Economic empowerment pilot project in Malawi: qualitative survey report
Beierl, Stefan / Francesco Burchi / Christoph Strupat (2017)
Discussion Paper 15/2017

Unlocking the irrigation potential in sub-Saharan Africa: are public-private partnerships the way forward?
Scheumann, Waltina / Annabelle Houdret / Michael Brüntrup (2017)
Briefing Paper 7/2017

Did I miss something there? World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought
Brüntrup, Michael (2017)
The Current Column of 14 June 2017

Do smallholders need rights of their own – and if so, which ones?
Brüntrup, Michael (2017)
The Current Column of 12 June 2017

Ölpalmenanbau in Indonesien verändert Wasserkreisläufe: mehr Dürren und Überflutungen
Merten, Jennifer / Alexander Röll / Surya Tarigan / Dirk Hölscher / Jonas Hein (2017)
Analysen und Stellungnahmen 1/2017

Introducing results-based approaches in agriculture: challenges and lessons learnt
Janus, Heiner / Sarah Holzapfel (2017)
Briefing Paper 2/2017

Ergebnisbasierte Ansätze für die Landwirtschaft: Potential und Grenzen
Janus, Heiner / Sarah Holzapfel (2017)
Analysen und Stellungnahmen 3/2017

Large-scale agricultural investments and smallholder welfare: a comparison of wage labor and outgrower channels in Tanzania
Herrmann, Raoul (2017)
published on World Development

Landwirtschaft und Wasser – Schlüssel zur Welternährung
Scheumann, Waltina / Michael Brüntrup (2017)
Die aktuelle Kolumne, 23.01.2017

Cash transfers, food security and resilience in fragile contexts: general evidence and the German experience
Camacho, Luis A. / Merle Kreibaum (2017)
Discussion Paper 9/2017

Landwirtschaft und Wasser – Schlüssel zur Welternährung
Scheumann, Waltina / Michael Brüntrup
Die aktuelle Kolumne, 23.01.2017

Cash transfers, food security and resilience in fragile contexts: general evidence and the German experience
Camacho, Luis A. / Merle Kreibaum (2017)
Discussion Paper 9/2017

Cash transfers, food security and resilience in fragile contexts: general evidence and the German experience
Camacho, Luis A. / Merle Kreibaum (2017)
Discussion Paper 9/2017

Landwirtschaft und Wasser – Schlüssel zur Welternährung
Scheumann, Waltina / Michael Brüntrup
Die aktuelle Kolumne, 23.01.2017

Cash transfers, food security and resilience in fragile contexts: general evidence and the German experience
Camacho, Luis A. / Merle Kreibaum (2017)
Discussion Paper 9/2017

The impact of cash transfers on food security in sub-Saharan Africa: evidence, design and implementation
Burchi, Francesco / Christoph Strupat (2016)
Briefing Paper 15/2016

Agricultural credit provision: what really determines farmers’ participation and credit rationing?
Asante-Addo, Collins / Jonathan Mockshell / Manfred Zeller / Khalid Siddig / Irene Egyir (2016)
in: Agricultural Finance Review 77 (2)

Success of VSS depends on the national sustainable development strategies
Hampel-Milagrosa, Aimée (2016)
in: Meeting Sustainability Goals: VSS and the role of the role of the government; 2nd Flagship Report of the United Nations, 29-31

Small farmers, big retailers: how to link smallholders to supermarkets
Hampel-Milagrosa, Aimée (2016)
in: Rural 21: The international journal for rural development 50 (4), 33-35

From food availability to nutritional capabilities: advancing food security analysis
Burchi, Francesco / Pasquale De Muro (2016)
in: Food Policy 60/2016, 10-19

Vom Welthungertag zum Welternährungstag
Brüntrup, Michael (2016)
Die aktuelle Kolumne vom 12.10.2016

Lebensmittelsicherheits- und Qualitätsstandards in Thailand und Indien: Vielfalt der Standards und Auswirkungen
Hampel-Milagrosa, Aimée / Sarah Holzapfel (2016)
Analysen und Stellungnahmen 13/2016

Diversity and implications of food safety and quality standards in Thailand and India
Hampel-Milagrosa, Aimée / Sarah Holzapfel (2016)
Briefing Paper 17/2016

Results-based approaches in agriculture: what is the potential?
Janus, Heiner / Sarah Holzapfel (2016)
Discussion Paper 25/2016

Erweiterung des OECD-Modells der fünf ländlichen Welten für die sektorübergreifende armutsorientierte Analyse, Kommunikation und Planung
Brüntrup, Michael (2016)
Analysen und Stellungnahmen 12/2016

Diversity and implications of food safety and quality standards in Thailand and India
Hampel-Milagrosa, Aimée / Sarah Holzapfel (2016)
Briefing Paper 17/2016

Revamping the OECD’s Five Rural Worlds model for poverty-oriented inter-sectoral analysis, communication and planning
Brüntrup, Michael (2016)
Briefing Paper 16/2016

Food security in sub-Saharan Africa: a fresh look on agricultural mechanisation; how adapted financial solutions can make a difference
Ströh de Martínez, Christiane / Marietta Feddersen / Anna Speicher (2016)
Studies 91

The impact of cash transfers on food security in sub-Saharan Africa: evidence, design and implementation
Burchi, Francesco / Christoph Strupat
Briefing Paper 15/2016

Addressing food insecurity in sub-Saharan Africa: the role of cash transfers
Burchi, Francesco / Margherita Scarlato / Giorgio d’Agostino (2016)
Discussion Paper 17/2016

From protection to reduction? The impact of the public health insurance scheme on child labour in Ghana
Strupat, Christoph
Discussion Paper 16/2016

Come on, donors, be courageous!
Kreibaum, Merle (2016)
The Current Column of 23 May 2016

Migration dynamics in sub-Saharan Africa – myths, facts and challenges
Schraven, Benjamin (2016)
in: Rural 21 50 (2), 27-29

Risks and opportunities of non-bank based financing for agriculture: the case of agricultural value chain financing
Zander, Rauno
Discussion Paper 7/2016

Policies and institutions for assuring pro-poor rural development and food security through bioenergy production: case studies on bush-to-energy and Jatropha in Namibia
Brüntrup, Michael / Katharina Becker / Martina Gaebler / Raoul Herrmann / Silja Ostermann / Jan Prothmann (2016)
Studies 90

The political economy of cash transfers: a comparative analysis of Latin American and sub-Saharan African experiences
Scarlato, Margherita / Giorgio d'Agostino (2016)
Discussion Paper 6/2016

Cherry picking the reasons for hunger?
Brüntrup, Michael / Aimée Hampel-Milagrosa (2016)

The Current Column of 29 March 2016

Making retail modernisation in developing countries inclusive: a development policy perspective
Altenburg, Tilman / Elmar Kulke / Aimée Hampel-Milagrosa / Lisa Peterskovsky / Caroline Reeg (2016)
Discussion Paper 2/2016

Sustainable Development Goals: Pick and choose - or integration at last?
Janus, Heiner / Sarah Holzapfel (2016)
The Current Column of 1 February 2016

Beyond adaptation? The changing nature of seasonal migration in Northern Ghana in the context of climate change, agricultural decline and food insecurity
Schraven, Benjamin / Christina Rademacher-Schulz (2015)
in: Felicitas Hillmann / Marie Pahl / Birte Rafflenbeul / Harald Sterly (eds.), Environmental change, adaptation and migration: bringing in the region, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 267-282

Landwirtschaft als Motor des Wachstums in Subsahara-Afrika
Brüntrup, Michael / Christoph Kessler (2015)

in: Salua Nour / Ekkehard Münzing (Hrsg.), Wirtschaftsmacht Afrika: Wachstumspole, Potenziale und Perspektiven, Frankfurt a.M.: Lang

Willkommen in der Welt der Korridore
Brüntrup, Michael (2015)
in: aw-Afrika Wirtschaft 4/2015, 24-26

Land ahoy! Appreciating the value of our common ground
Bauer, Steffen / Lindsay C. Stringer (2015)
The Current Column of 14 September 2015

Large-scale agro-industrial investments and rural poverty: evidence from sugarcane in Malawi
Herrmann, Raoul / Ulrike Grote (2015)
in: Journal of African Economies 24 (5), 645-676

Donors and domestic policy makers: two worlds in agricultural policy making?
Mockshell, Jonathan / Regina Birner (2015)
in: Food Policy 55 (8), 1-14

From food availability to nutritional capabilities: advancing food security analysis
Burchi, Francesco / Pasquale De Muro
published on Food Policy

Irrigation water management in Uzbekistan: analyzing the capacity of households to improve water use profitability
Saravanan, V.S. / Mehmood Ul-Hassan / Benjamin Schraven (2015)

in: John P. A. Lamers / Asia Khamzina / Inna Rudenko / Paul L. G. Vlek (eds.), Restructuring land allocation, water use and agricultural value chains, Bonn: Univ. Pr., 255-278

Erfahrungen und Perspektiven nachhaltiger Intensivierung der Landwirtschaft in subsaharischen Ländern
Brandt, Hartmut / Michael Brüntrup (2014)
Discussion Paper 30/2014

What can be expected from international frameworks to regulate large-scale land and water acquisitions in sub-Sahara Africa?
Brüntrup, Michael / Waltina Scheumann / Axel Berger / Lidija Christmann / Clara Brandi (2014)
in: Law and Development Review 7 (2), 393-431

Conservation, REDD+ and the struggle for land in Jambi, Indonesia
Hein, Jonas / Heiko Faust (2014)
in: Pacific Geograhies 41/2014, 20-25

Framework for participatory food security research in rural food value chains
Graef, Frieder / Stefan Sieber / Khamaldin Mutabazi / Folkard Asch / Hans Konrad Biesalski / Janet Bitegeko / Wolfgang Bokelmann / Michael Brüntrup / Ottfried Dietrich / Nickson Elly / Aanja Fasse / Jörn Germer / Ulrike Grote / Ludgar Herrmann / Raoul Herrmann et al. (2014)
in: Global Food Security 3 (1), 8–15

Is Global GAP certification sustainable? Evidence from Thailand
Holzapfel, Sarah / Meike Wollni (2014)
in: The Journal of Development Studies DOI: 10.1080/00220388.2013.874558

Innovative business models in the thai horticultural sector: A panel data analysis of the impacts of standard adoption
Holzapfel, Sarah / Meike Wollni (2014)
in: Christy, Ralph / Carlos da Silva / Nomathemba Mhlanga / Edward Mabaya / Krisztina Tihanyi (eds.) Innovative institutions, public policies and private strategies for agro-enterprise development. Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.

Time matters: shifting seasonal migration in Northern Ghana in response to rainfall variability and food insecurity
Rademacher-Schulz, Christina / Benjamin Schraven / Edward Salifu Maham (2014)
in: Climate and Development 6 (1), 46-52

Sustainability certification in the Indonesian palm oil sector: benefits and challenges for smallholders
Brandi, Clara / Tobias Cabani / Christoph Hosang / Sonja Schirmbeck / Lotte Westermann / Hannah Wiese (2013)
Studies 74

Regionalentwicklung durch die Produktion von Biokraftstoff?
Herrmann, Raoul / Michael Brüntrup (2013)
in: Ökologisches Wirtschaften 4/2013, 25-26

Whose education affects a child’s nutritional status? From parents’ to household’s education
Burchi, Francesco (2012)

in: Demographic Research 27 (23), 681-704

Peasant adaptation to environmental change and economic globalization in Northern Ghana
Laube, Wolfram / Benjamin Schraven / Martha Awo (2013)
in: Joseph Yaro (ed.), Rural development in Northern Ghana, New York: Nova Publ., 63-82

Post-colonial agricultural experiences in sub-Saharan Africa
Brandt, Hartmut / Michael Brüntrup (2012)
in: Christoph Eder, Diana Kyd-Rebenburg, Jakob Prammer (eds.), Global growing casebook: insights into African agriculture, 12-33

Wettbewerb um Agrarland und Wasserressourcen: was können globale Leitlinien ausrichten?
Brüntrup, Michael / Waltina Scheumann (2012)
in: Welttrends 85 (7/8), 106-115

Sustainability standards and certification: towards sustainable palm oil in Indonesia?
Brandi, Clara / Tobias Cabani / Christoph Hosang / Sonja Schirmbeck / Lotte Westermann / Hannah Wiese (2012)
Briefing Paper 9/2012

A human development and capability approach to food security: conceptual framework and informational basis
Burchi, Francesco / Pasquale De Muro (2012)
African Human Development Report on “Towards a Food Secure Future”, UNDP, Regional Bureau for Africa (Background Paper 2012/08)

New institutional arrangements and standard adoption: evidence from small-scale fruit and vegetable farmers in Thailand
Kersting, Sarah / Meike Wollni (2012)
in: Food Policy 37 (4), 452-462

Smallholder adaptation to climate change: dynamics and limits in Northern Ghana
Laube, Wolfram / Benjamin Schraven / Martha Awo (2012)
in: Climatic Change 111 (3-4), 753-777

Agriculture is special: conclusions drawn from the death throes of the Doha round for a development-friendly agricultural trade policy
Brüntrup, Michael / Clara Brandi / Nikolai Fuchs (2011)
Briefing Paper 14/2011

Sonderrolle der Landwirtschaft : Einsichten aus der Agonie der Doha-Runde für eine entwicklungsfreundliche Agrarhandelspolitik
Brüntrup, Michael / Clara Brandi / Nikolai Fuchs (2011)
Analysen und Stellungnahmen 13/2011

The role of food and nutrition system approaches in tackling hidden hunger
Burchi, Francesco / Emile Frison / Jessica Fanzo (2011)
in: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 8 (2), 358-373

Democracy, institutions and famines in developing and emerging countries
Burchi, Francesco (2011)
in: Canadian Journal of Development Studies 32 (1), 17-31

Agricultural policy processes, a challenge for Africa’s development
Brüntrup, Michael / Franz Heidhues (eds.) (2010)
in: Quarterly Journal of International Agriculture 50 (1), Special Issue

The comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Porgramme (CAADP): an assessment of a Pan-African attempt to revitalise agriculture
Brüntrup, Michael (2010)
in: Quarterly Journal of International Agriculture 50 (1), Special Issue, 79-106

Child nutrition in Mozambique in 2003: the role of mother’s schooling and nutrition knowledge
Burchi, Francesco (2010)
in: Economics and Human Biology 8 (3), 331-345

Projects

Trans-SEC - Innovating pro-poor Strategies to safeguard Food Security

Shaping value chains with a view to development needs

Climate change and development - natural resources management in the context of adaptation and mitigation

Socio-economic effects of large-scale biofuel investments in Sub-Saharan Africa

Sustainability Standards in the Indonesian Palm Oil Sector – Challenges and Benefits for Smallholder

Inclusive agriculture-led development

Making agricultural policy in Subsaharan Africa: Understanding and improving CAADP and APRM processes

"Aid for Trade" - stategies for German development cooperation

Biofuel production in Namibia: Opportunities, threats and the institutional environment for rural development and food security

Agriculture-sector aspects of international trade policy, in particular WTO and EPAs

Agrarhandel und Ernährungssicherung in Wirtschaftspartnerschaftsabkommen (EPAs) der EU mit Subsahara-Afrika

Verbesserung der Rahmenbedingungen für die Privatsektorentwicklung und Förderung wirtschaftlicher Innovationen in Subsahara-Afrika (SSA)

Entwurf eines Monitoring-Systems für Economic Partnership Agreements

Development Cooperation with Sub-Saharan Africa

Vertragsanbau – ein Schlüssel zur Entwicklung ländlicher Räume in Sub-Sahara Afrika

Ernährungssicherung in den Verhandlungen zu Wirtschaftspartnerschaftsabkommen (EPAs) von ECOWAS und ESA

Handelspolitik und Agrarentwicklung in Senegal

Agrarwirtschaftliche Interessenlage und agrarpolitischer Handlungsbedarf subsaharischer Länder aufgrund der Agrarverhandlungen in der Doha-Runde am Beispiel Tansanias und Senegals

Events

Event Series
Drought resilience in Sub-Saharan Africa
Bonn, 6 April 2017 - 13 July 2017

Book Presentation
Agricultural Policy and Authoritarian Regime Durability
Bonn, 17 November 2016

Ninth International Dialogue on Water in Agriculture
Public-Private Partnerships in irrigation: experiences, benefits and risks
1 - 2 June 2016

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For further Information, please visit the Website of the corresponding project.

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Poster: Event Series

Event Series
Drought resilience in Sub-Saharan Africa
Bonn, 6 April 2017 - 13 July 2017

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Democracy, institutions and famines in developing and emerging countries

Burchi, Francesco (2011)
in Canadian Journal of Development Studies 32 (1), 17-31

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Smallholder adaptation to climate change: dynamics and limits in Northern Ghana

Laube, Wolfram / Benjamin Schraven / Martha Awo (2012)
in: Climatic Change 111 (3-4), 753-777

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Agricultural policy processes, a challenge for Africa’s development

Brüntrup, Michael / Franz Heidhues (eds.) (2010)
in: Quarterly Journal of International Agriculture 50 (1), Special Issue

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What can be expected from international frameworks to regulate large-scale land and water acquisitions in sub-Sahara Africa?

Brüntrup, Michael / Waltina Scheumann / Axel Berger / Lidija Christmann / Clara Brandi (2014)
in: Law and Development Review 7 (2), 393-431