Cover: Nexus Water energy land
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The Nexus Water - Energy - Land - Climate

More than one billion people have no access to clean drinking water and safe sanitation, suffer from malnutrition and cannot use modern energy sources. At the same time resources such as water, energy sources and land are becoming increasingly scarce due to climate change ,a growing world population, shifting consumer behavior and underinvestments in infrastructure.

The interdependencies in the use of resources and the safe provision of water and energy as well as the production of food become apparent. The production of agro-fuels, for example, requires precious water and occupies land that could be used to grow food. Intensive agricultural use in upper watersheds of rivers can intensify erosions and affect electricity generation from hydropower plants downstream. Energy subsidies increase the affordability irrigation pumps for farmers but they lower groundwater levels. Not only climate change, but also climate change mitigation measures may enhance the pressure on water and land resources. The Water - Energy - Land - Climate Nexus focuses explicitly on these intersectoral dependencies.

Research at the German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) inquires which incentives, governance mechanism and policy instruments could reduce negative effects and stimulate win-win solutions. This topic special presents relevant activities and works - as for example our "Nexus brief"-series.

Research Staff

Publications

2017

A new rural social contract for the Maghreb? The political economy of access to water, land and rural development
Houdret, Annabelle / Zakaria Kadiri / Lisa Bossenbroek (2017)
In: Middle East Law and Governance 9 (1), 20-42

Managing coastal ecosystems in the Philippines: what Cash for Work programmes can contribute
Altenburg, Tilman / Cecilia Fischer / Kerstin Huck / Anna Kruip / Sören Müller / Stefanie Sörensen (2017)
Studies 94

Proceeding with River Basin Management: legal, financial and political dimensions in Mongolia
Rodríguez de Francisco, Jean Carlo / Annabelle Houdret / Ines Dombrowsky (2017)
Briefing Paper 6/2017

World Water Day: Why the recycling of treated waste water is no foregone conclusion
Scheumann, Waltina (2017)
The Current Column of 22 March 2017

Ölpalmenanbau in Indonesien verändert Wasserkreisläufe: mehr Dürren und Überflutungen
Merten, Jennifer / Alexander Röll / Surya Tarigan / Dirk Hölscher / Jonas Hein (2017)
Analysen und Stellungnahmen 1/2017

Expanding oil palm cultivation in Indonesia: changing local water cycles raises risks of droughts and floods
Merten, Jennifer / Alexander Röll / Surya Tarigan / Dirk Hölscher / Jonas Hein (2017)
Briefing Paper 1/2017

Sustainability in the water-energy-food nexus
Bhaduri, Anik / Claudia Ringler / Ines Dombrowsky / Rabi Mohtar / Waltina Scheumann (eds.) (2017)
Abingdon, UK: Routledge

2016

Urban sewage in Brazil: drivers of and obstacles to wastewater treatment and reuse; governing the Water-Energy-Food Nexus Series
Stepping, Katharina M. K. (2016)
Discussion Paper 26/2016

Wood energy in sub-Saharan Africa: how to make a shadow business sustainable
Hoffmann, Harry / Michael Brüntrup / Clara Dewes
Briefing Paper 14/2016

Wastewater systems and energy saving in urban India: governing the Water-Energy-Food Nexus series
Never, Babette (2016)
Discussion Paper 12/2016

Rescaling conflictive access and property relations in the context of REDD+ in Jambi, Indonesia
Hein, Jonas (2016)

Universität Göttingen eDISS

Water scarcity and oil palm expansion: social views and environmental processes
Merten, Jennifer / Alexander Röll / Thomas Guillaume / Ana Meijide / Suria Tarigan / Herdhata Agusta / Claudia Dislich / Christoph Dittrich / Heiko Faust / Dodo Gunawan / Jonas Hein / Hendrayanto / Alexander Knohl / Yakov Kuzyakov / Kerstin Wiegand / Dirk Hölscher (2016)
published on Ecology and Society 21 (2), Art. 5

Policies and institutions for assuring pro-poor rural development and food security through bioenergy production: case studies on bush-to-energy and Jatropha in Namibia
Brüntrup, Michael / Katharina Becker / Martina Gaebler / Raoul Herrmann / Silja Ostermann / Jan Prothmann (2016)
Studies 90

Le premier partenariat public-privé pour l’irrigation au Maroc : durable pour tous ?/ The first public-private partnership in irrigation in Morocco: Sustainable for all?
Houdret, Annabelle (2016)
In: Cahiers Agricultures, 25: 25001

What does the Paris climate agreement mean for water policy?
Dombrowsky, Ines / Steffen Bauer / Waltina Scheumann (2016)
The Current Column, 22 March 2016

Eight hours a day without electricity - catastrophic consequences for Zambia
Scheumann, Waltina (2016)
The Current Column, 18 January 2016

2015

Sustainability in the water-energy-food nexus
Bhaduri, Anik / Claudia Ringler / Ines Dombrowsky / Rabi Mohtar / Waltina Scheumann (eds.) (2015)
Water International: Sustainability in the water-energy-food nexus (Special Issue)

Rescaling of access and property relations in a frontier landscape: insights from Jambi, Indonesia
Hein, Jonas / Soeryo Adiwibowo / Christoph Dittrich / Rosyani / Endriatmo Soetarto / Heiko Faust (2015)
published on The Professional Geographer DOI:10.1080/00330124.2015.1089105

Revisiting hydro-hegemony from a benefit sharing perspective: the case of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam
Tawfik, Rawia (2015)
Discussion Paper 5/2015

Environmental impact assessments and hydropower: constraints and opportunities for sustainable hydropower
Meijer, Karen / Waltina Scheumann (2015)
in: UVP Report 29 (1), 2-5

Die Proliferation von Wasserkraft im Globalen Süden: wie kann Deutschland zu einer sozial- und umweltverträglichen Agenda beitragen?
Scheumann, Waltina / Ines Dombrowsky (2015)
Bonn: German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE)

The Declaration of Principles on Ethiopia’s Renaissance Dam: A breakthrough or another unfair deal?
Tawfik, Rawia (2015)
Die aktuelle Kolumne, 25.03.2015

Wasser und Entwicklung an grenzüberschreitenden Flüssen: Nachhaltige Entwicklung für alle Länder
Tawfik, Rawia (2015)
Die aktuelle Kolumne, 19.03.2015

New climate investments must strengthen sustainable development and minimize trade-offs
Hoch, Stephan / Britta Horstmann / Axel Michaelowa / Jonas Hein (2015)
Briefing Paper 22/2015

Rubber vs. oil palm: an analysis of factors influencing smallholders’ crop choice in Jambi, Indonesia
Schwarze, Stefan / Michael Euler / Marcel Gatto / Jonas Hein / Elisabeth Hettig / Anna Maria Holtkamp / Lufti Izhar / Yvonne Kunz / Jan Lay / Jennifer Merten / Stefan Moser / Oliver Mußhoff / Fenna Otten / Martin Qaim / Endriatmo Soetarto / Stefanie Steinebach / Katharina Trapp / Miriam Vorlaufer / Heiko Faust (2015)
Göttingen: Georg-August-Univ. (EFForTS Discussion Paper Series 11)

Assessing the use of forest ecosystem services analyses as a national policy-making tool in Peru
Guarín, Alejandro / Hotz, Hannes (2015)
Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI), German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) / The Nature Conservancy (TNC)

2014

Post-2015: why is the water-energy-land nexus important for the future development agenda?
Brandi, Clara / Carmen Richerzhagen / Katharina M.K. Stepping
(2014)
in: Thomas Fues / Jiang Ye (eds.), United Nations Post-2015 Agenda for global development: perspectives from China and Europe, Bonn: German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE), 297-310

Konkurrenz ums blaue Gold: nur durch nachhaltiges Management kann Marokko der Wasserkrise begegnen
Houdret, Annabelle (2014)
in: Bilatral: das bilaterale Kammer- und Wirtschaftsmagazin der AHK Marokko 54/2014, 28-34

Innerstaatliche Konflikte um Wasser: Ursachen und Präventionsmöglichkeiten
Houdret, Annabelle (2014)
in: Jahresheft Geopolitik 2014, 14-19

Soziale Unruhen in Nordafrika: die Rolle von Wasser- und Landpolitik
Houdret, Annabelle (2014)

in: Ulrich Schneckener / Arnulf von Scheliha / Andreas Lienkamp / Britta Klagge (Hrsg.), Wettstreit um Ressourcen: Konflikte um Klima, Wasser und Boden, München: Oekom Verl., 209-222

IWRM in a country under rapid transition: lessons learnt from the Kharaa River Basin, Mongolia
Karthe, Daniel / Sonja Heldt / Annabelle Houdret / Dietrich Borchardt (2014)
in: Environmental Earth Sciences DOI: 10.1007/s12665-014-3435-y

(Re)configuration of water resources management in Mongolia: a critical geopolitical analysis Withanachchi, Sisira S. / Annabelle Houdret / Nergui Soninkhishig / Elisabet Ejarque Gonzalez / Ankhbold Tsogtbayar / Angelika Ploeger (2014)
In: The International Center for Development and Decent Work (ICDD Working Papers 13)

Regional energy trading—a new avenue for resolving a regional water dispute?
Scheumann, Waltina / Sahnaz Tigrek (2014)

in: International Journal of Water Governance DOI: 10.7564/14-IJWG46

Dams on Shared Rivers: The Concept of Benefit Sharing
Scheumann, Waltina / Ines Dombrowsky / Oliver Hensengerth (2014)

in: Bhaduri, Anik, Janos Bogardi, Jan Leentvaar, Sina Marx (eds.): The Global Water System in the Anthropocene: Challenges for Science and Governance

Grün und sauber? Wasserkraft zwischen niedrigen Treibhausgasemissionen und hohen sozialen und ökologischen Kosten
Meijer, Karen / Waltina Scheumann / Daniel Däschle / Ines Dombrowsky (2014)

Analysen und Stellungnahmen 9/2014

 

 

Why power matters in Payments for Environmental Services (PES)
Rodríguez de Francisco, Jean Carlo / Rutgerd Boelens (2014)
(Briefing Paper 9/2014)

International and local benefit sharing in hydropower projects on shared rivers: the Ruzizi III and Rusumo Falls cases
Dombrowsky, Ines / Julia Bastian / Daniel Däschle / Simon Heisig / Johannes Peters / Christian Vosseler

in: Water Policy 16 (6): 1087–1103, doi: 10.2166/wp.2014.104

Conservation, REDD+ and the struggle for land in Jambi, Indonesia
Hein, Jonas / Heiko Faust (2014)
in: Pacific Geograhies 41/2014, 20-25

Uganda: electricity or tourism?
Never, Babette

The Current Column, 7 July 2014

Water and electricity - weapons in the Syrian conflict
Scheumann, Waltina

The Current Column, 30 June 2014

Energy and water for MENA: From risks to opportunities
Vidican, Georgeta / Annabelle Houdret

The Current Column, 5 May 2014

Water and electricity for the "bottom billion"
Scheumann, Waltina / Ines Dombrowsky
The Current Column, 24 March 2014

Evolution of Dam Policies. Evidence from the Big Hydropower States
Scheumann, Waltina / Oliver Hensengerth (2014)
Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Evolving river basin management in Mongolia?
Houdret, Annabelle / Ines Dombrowsky / Lena Horlemann (2014)
in: Dave Huitema / Sander Meijerink (eds.), The politics of river basin organisations: coalitions, institutional design choices and consequences, Cheltenham: Elgar, 265-297

The river basin as a new scale for water governance in transition countries? A comparative study of Mongolia and Ukraine
Dombrowsky, Ines / Nina Hagemann / Annabelle Houdret (2014)
in: Environmental Earth Sciences 72 (12), 4705-4726

The institutionalization of river basin management as politics of scale: insights from Mongolia
Houdret, Annabelle / Ines Dombrowsky / Lena Horlemann (2014)
in: Journal of Hydrology 519, Part C, 2392-2404

2013

Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+), transnational conservation and access to land in Jambi, Indonesia
Hein, Jonas (2013)
published on Georg-August-Universität Göttingen (EFForTS Discussion Paper Series 2)

Post 2015: why is the water-energy-land nexus important for the future development agenda?
Brandi, Clara / Carmen Richerzhagen / Katharina M.K. Stepping (2013)
Briefing Paper 3/2013

2012-11


European report on development 2012: confronting scarcity; managing water, energy and land for inclusive and sustainable growth
Te Velde, Dirk Wilhelm / James Mackie / Imme Scholz (eds.) (2012)
Brussels: European Commission

European report on development 2012: confronting scarcity; managing water, energy and land for inclusive and sustainable growth
Te Velde, Dirk Wilhelm / James Mackie / Imme Scholz (eds.) (2012)
Brussels: European Commission

Benefit-sharing in dam projects on shared rivers
Hensengerth, Oliver / Ines Dombrowsky / Waltina Scheumann (2012)

Discussion Paper 6/2012

Nachhaltiges Wassermanagement durch Green Economy?
Houdret, Annabelle / Elke Herrfahrdt-Pähle Waltina Scheumann / Ines Dombrowsky (2012)
Analysen und Stellungnahmen 4/2012

Institutionalising IWRM in developing and transition countries: the case of Mongolia
Horlemann, Lena / Ines Dombrowsky (2012)
in: Environmental Earth Sciences 65 (5), 1547–1559

Wasser-Energie-Ernährung: brauchen wir eine Nexus-Perspektive? Die Bonner Nexus-Konferenz
Dombrowsky, Ines (2011)
Die aktuelle Kolumne vom 14.11.2011

Water-energy-food: do we need a nexus perspective? The Bonn Nexus Conference
Dombrowsky, Ines (2011)
The Current Column of 14 November 2011

Turkey’s water policy: national frameworks and international cooperation
Kibaroglu, Ayşegül / Waltina Scheumann / Annika Kramer (eds.)
(2011)
Heidelberg: Springer

 

 

Ongoing Projects

Finished Projects

Events

Fachtagung
Nexus-Forschung trifft Nexus-Praxis
Bonn, 21 November 2016

Dialogue on Water

Ninth International Dialogue on Water in Agriculture 2016
Public-Private Partnerships (PPP) in irrigation: models, experiences, benefits and risks
Workshop dates: 1-2 June 2016

Archive Dialogue on Water”

Eighth Dialogue on Water and Land 2015
The Water-Land Nexus

Seventh Dialogue on Water 2012

Do we need a global water regime?

Sixth Dialogue on Water 2009
Evolution of dam policies: evidence from the big hydropower states
Scheumann, W. / O. Hensengerth (eds.) (2014)
Springer Berlin

Fifth Dialogue on Water 2005
Water politics and development cooperation. Local power plays and global governanceScheumann W. / S. Neubert / M. Kipping (eds.) (2008)
Springer Berlin

Fourth Dialogue on Water 2003
Integriertes Wasserressourcen-Management – ein Konzept in die Praxis überführen
Neubert, S. / W. Scheumann / A. van Edig / W. Huppert (Hrsg.) (2005)

Nomos Baden-Baden

Third Dialogue on Water 2001
Reforming institutions for sustainable water management
Neubert, S. / W. Scheumann / A. van Edig (eds.) (2002)

Reports and Working Papers No. 6, Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik Bonn

Second Dialogue on Water 1996
Water in the Middle East – Potential for conflict and prospects for cooperation
Scheumann, W. / M. Schiffler (eds.) (1998) 

Springer Berlin

First Dialogue on Water 1995
Wasserkonflikte und Wassermanagement im Jordanbecken
Libiszewki, S. / M. Schiffler (Hrsg.) (1996)

Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik Berlin

Bonn Water Lecture

Wasser als Waffe des IS
Bonn, 02.03.2016
Guest: Tobias von Lossow, Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik

Privatising water services? Pros and Cons from the real world
Bonn, 03.12.2015
Guest: Manuel Schiffler, Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau

Changing water politics in the Nile basin
Bonn, 17.06.2015
Guests: Rawia Tafik, Guest researcher DIE, Tobias von Lossow, Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik

Privatization of Turkey’s rivers? The rise of water struggles and AKP government’s responses
Bonn, 12.03.2014
Guest: Mine Islar, Lund University, Sweden

Averting Water Wars in Asia
Bonn, 25.06.2014
Guest: Brahma Chellaney, Centre for Policy Research, New Delhi

Benefit, cost and risk sharing in hydropower projects on international rivers
Bonn, 25.09.2013
Guest: Ines Dombrowsky, DIE

Grabbing water? Large-scale investments in agriculture and perspectives for regulation Bonn, 21.11.2012Guests: Franziska Hollmann, DEG; Waltina Scheumann / Michael Brüntrup, DIE