Assessing trends in multidimensional poverty during the MDGs

Burchi, Francesco / Daniele Malerba / Claudio E. Montenegro / Nicole Rippin
External Publications (2020)

in: Global Development Institute Working Paper Series (2020-044), Manchester: Global Development Institute, University of Manchester

ISBN: 978-1-912607-02-0
Volltext/Document

While we have extensive information on the trends in income poverty, little is known about the trends in multidimensional poverty. This paper tries to fill this gap by assessing the changes in multidimensional poverty in 55 countries since 2000. The analysis relies on two individual-based indices, the G-CSPI and the G-M0, which combine three dimensions-education, health and employment-derived through the Constitutional Approach. The G-CSPI is a distribution-sensitive index, while the G-M0 allows decomposition by dimension. The results reveal that more than 80% of the countries assessed have reduced multidimensional poverty. However, progress has been very limited in Sub-Saharan Africa. Different decomposition analyses indicate that poverty alleviation has mainly been triggered by a reduction in health deprivations and by improvements in rural areas. A comparison with changes in income poverty suggests that the correlation is not strong, and that multidimensional poverty has decreased significantly less than income poverty.

About the authors

Burchi, Francesco

Development Economy

Burchi

Rippin, Nicole

Economist

Rippin
Malerba

Further experts

Bauer, Steffen

Political scientist 

Baumann, Max-Otto

Political Science 

Brandi, Clara

Economy and Political Science 

Brüntrup, Michael

Agricultural Economy 

Dick, Eva

Sociologist and Spatial Planner 

Götze, Jacqueline

Political Scientist 

Hackenesch, Christine

Political Science 

Hilbrich, Sören

Economy 

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Political Scientist 

Iacobuta, Gabriela

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Janus, Heiner

Political Science 

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Social Science 

Kloke-Lesch, Adolf

Urban and regional planner 

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Negre, Mario

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Scholz, Imme

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Schwachula, Anna

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Political Science