Bridging the Gap - the role of non-state action

Bridging the Gap - the role of non-state action

Download PDF 9.6 MB

Höhne, Niklas / Philip Drost with the contributing authors Fatemeh Bakhtiari / Sander Chan / Ann Gardiner et al.
Externe Publikationen (2016)

in: The Emissions Gap Report 2016: a UNEP Synthesis Report, Nairobi, Kenya: United Nations Environment (UNEP), 23-30

ISBN: 978-92-807-3617-5

Global climate change governance is becoming increasingly diverse, with many actors, other than national governments, undertaking climate change management actions. In this chapter, the focus is on actors like the private sector, civil society organisations, cities and regions, and other subnational actors, often referred to as non-state actors. Their actions could be either individual or cooperative. The 2015 Conference of the Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) showed a growing institutionalisation of processes aimed at engaging non-state actors in efforts to manage climate change. This chapter assesses the role of non-state actors bridging the emissions gap and summarises the role of their actions in the UNFCCC process. The chapter describes key features of a sample of around 200 cooperative initiatives, and provides a synthesis of recent estimates of emission reduction potentials by non-state actor actions. Finally, it highlights a number of issues where additional research is required.

About the author

Chan, Sander

Enviroment Policy

Sander Chan

Further experts

Altenburg, Tilman

Economic Geographer 

Bauer, Steffen

Political scientist 

Brandi, Clara

Economist and Political Scientist 

Breuer, Anita

Political Scientist 

Haldenwang, Christian von

Political Scientist 

Horstmann, Britta


Houdret, Annabelle

Political Scientist 

Koch, Svea

Social Scientist 

Leininger, Julia

Political Scientist 

Mehl, Regine

Political Scientist 

Messner, Dirk

Political Scientist 

Never, Babette

Political Scientist 

Pauw, Pieter

Environment Scientist 

Pegels, Anna



Cornelia Hornschild (Publication Office)
Andrea Ueding (Library and Publications / Inquiries)