Connections between the Paris Agreement and the 2030 Agenda: the case for policy coherence

Dzebo, Adis / Hannah Janetschek / Clara Brandi / Gabriela Iacobuta
External Publications (2019)

Stockholm: Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI Working Papers)


This working paper explores to what extent climate actions contained in countries’ Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) connect to the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), through a global analysis conducted with the NDC-SDG Connections Tool. The research demonstrates that NDC actions foster synergies with national development priorities that reflect the 2030 Agenda, and reveals sustainable development-related areas that are directly addressed through NDCs climate action and those that are currently absent. 
The working paper presents two avenues that could enhance policy coherence. First, it is suggested that countries should design their future Nationally Sustainable Development Strategies (NSDSs) in ways that align with their NDCs. In that regard, NSDSs should complement NDC actions by focusing on issue-areas that are not addressed through climate action, and hence, by avoiding uncoordinated and costly duplication of efforts. Second, the authors argue that new and updated NDCs should take note of existing NSDSs and aim to more closely align climate action with the SDGs. Such an approach could offer the benefit of further promoting the buy-in of different types of stakeholders and of increasing the acceptability of and willingness for higher ambition.

About the authors

Brandi, Clara

Economy and Political Science


Iacobuta, Gabriela

Environmental Researcher


Further experts

Aleksandrova, Mariya

Climate risk governance 

Bauer, Steffen

Political scientist 

Baumann, Max-Otto

Political Science 

Brehm, Johannes


Chan, Sander

Enviroment Policy 

Dippel, Beatrice


Götze, Jacqueline

Political Scientist 

Hackenesch, Christine

Political Science 

Hilbrich, Sören


Hägele, Ramona

Political Scientist 

Janus, Heiner

Political Science 

Keijzer, Niels

Social Science 

Kloke-Lesch, Adolf

Urban and regional planner 

Koch, Svea

Social Science 

Kuhn, Sascha

Social Psychology 

Laudage, Sabine


Lehmann, Ina

Political Science 

Malerba, Daniele


Mathis, Okka Lou

Political Scientist 

Never, Babette

Political Scientist 

Pegels, Anna


Rodríguez de Francisco, Jean Carlo

Ecological Economist 

Scholz, Imme


Schwachula, Anna


Srigiri, Srinivasa Reddy

Agricultural Economist 

Sturm, Janina

Economist and political scientist 

Vogel, Johanna

International Cultural Economy 

Wehrmann, Dorothea


Weinlich, Silke

Political Science