Germany: the energy transition as a green industrial development agenda

Germany: the energy transition as a green industrial development agenda

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Pegels, Anna
Externe Publikationen (2017)

in: Tilman Altenburg / Claudia Assmann (eds.), Green industrial policy: concept, policies, country experiences, Geneva; Bonn: UN Environment; German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE), 168-184

ISBN: 978-92-807-3685-4
Volltext/Document

Pegels discusses the German Energiewende, the transition from coal and nuclear to renewable energies and enhanced energy efficiency, from the perspective of economic co-benefits. Her analysis shows that Germany has made considerable progress in the deployment of renewable energies for electricity generation, whereas other areas, such as energy efficiency, are lagging behind expectations. With about 300,000 jobs, employment in Germany’s renewable energies sector in 2014 far surpassed employment numbers in the hard and brown coal industries. Regarding manufacturing, Germany’s wind energy industry has emerged as a global leader, with a world market share in wind energy converters of about 25 percent in 2014. Other sectors have been less successful. The solar panel industry, for example, boomed for some years but then experienced a phase of decline due to competition from Chinese low-cost imports. On the demand side, exemptions from the renewable electricity levy protect the competitiveness of energy intensive industries, but increase the burden on other industries and on households.

About the author

Pegels, Anna

Economist

Pegels

Further experts

Altenburg, Tilman

Economic Geographer 

Bauer, Steffen

Political scientist 

Brandi, Clara

Economist and Political Scientist 

Horstmann, Britta

Geographer 

Never, Babette

Political Scientist 

Pauw, Pieter

Environment Scientist 

Chan, Sander

Enviroment Policy 

Fuhrmann, Hanna

Economist 

Gudibande, Rohan

Economist 

Keil, Jonas

Economist 

Kuhn, Sascha

Social Psychologist 

Mathis, Okka Lou

Political Scientist 

Nguyen, Quynh

Political Scientist 

Malerba, Daniele

Economist 

Bencini, Jacopo

Environmental Researcher