How does globalization affect ecological pressures? A robust empirical analysis using the ecological footprint

How does globalization affect ecological pressures? A robust empirical analysis using the ecological footprint

Download PDF 1.0 MB

Rudolph, Alexandra / Lukas Figge
Externe Publikationen (2015)

Heidelberg: Ruprecht-Karls Univ. (Discussion Paper Series 599)

While the relationship between environmental pressures and globalization is often claimed to be unambiguously positive, there is a substantial gap in the literature regarding systematic evidence. We fill this gap by empirically disentangling the nexus between globalization and environmental degradation while at the same time taking the multidimensionality of the concepts serious. The Ecological Footprint (EF) provides a holistic approach to environmental degradation. We generate a data set covering 146 countries over the 1981-2009 period and use an Extreme Bounds Analysis (EBA) to identify a robust set of controls testing different claims of the literature. Subsequently, we test our hypothesis regarding globalization controlling for this vector of controls. Our findings suggest that the simple positive correlation has to be interpreted with care, since the multivariate analysis reveals a more detailed picture of the complex relationship.

About the author

Rudolph, Alexandra

Economist

Alexandra Rudolph

Further experts

Altenburg, Tilman

Economic Geographer 

Bauer, Steffen

Political scientist 

Brandi, Clara

Economist and Political Scientist 

Dombrowsky, Ines

Economist 

Horstmann, Britta

Geographer 

Messner, Dirk

Political Scientist 

Never, Babette

Political Scientist 

Pauw, Pieter

Environment Scientist 

Pegels, Anna

Economist 

Scholz, Imme

Sociologist 

Contact

Cornelia Hornschild (Publication Office)
Andrea Ueding (Library and Publications / Inquiries)