Post-conflict transition and REDD+ in Colombia: Challenges to reducing deforestation in the Amazon

Rodríguez-de-Francisco, Jean Carlo / Carlos del Cairo / Daniel Ortiz-Gallego / Juan Sebastian Velez-Triana / Tomás Vergara-Gutiérrez / Jonas Hein
External Publications (2021)

in: Forest Policy and Economics 127, article 102450

DOI: 10.1016/j.forpol.2021.102450
Open access

REDD+ is a mechanism to address climate change by reducing deforestation and forest degradation. In this article, the implementation of the REDD Early Movers- REM/Visión Amazonia program in Guaviare, Colombia, is analyzed, focusing on the implementation challenges and scope of the program when addressing deforestation drivers in a post-conflict context. By taking a historical perspective on regional deforestation challenges in Guaviare, we link these challenges to the recent deforestation trends in the region. This article demonstrates the particular challenges to implementing REDD+ in the Colombian post-conflict context related to the power vacuum left by the FARC retreat, land grabbing for speculation and cattle ranching, power asymmetries and corrupted regional elites. The article concludes that the current scope of REM does not sufficiently address the main drivers of deforestation, and that REM's focus on campesinos and indigenous communities will not significantly reduce the substantial deforestation rates in the present post-conflict context.

About the authors

Hein, Jonas

Geographer

Hein
Rodríguez de Francisco

Further experts

Aleksandrova, Mariya

Climate risk governance 

Bauer, Steffen

Political scientist 

Baumann, Max-Otto

Political Science 

Beck, Tanja

Political Science 

Brandi, Clara

Economy and Political Science 

Brehm, Johannes

Economy 

Breuer, Anita

Political Scientist 

Dick, Eva

Sociologist and Spatial Planner 

Dippel, Beatrice

Comparatist 

El-Haddad, Amirah

Economy 

Haldenwang, Christian von

Political Scientist 

Houdret, Annabelle

Political Scientist 

Hägele, Ramona

Political Scientist 

Iacobuta, Gabriela

Environmental Researcher 

Kuhn, Sascha

Social Psychology 

Lehmann, Ina

Political Science 

Leininger, Julia

Political Scientist 

Malerba, Daniele

Economy 

Mathis, Okka Lou

Political Scientist 

Mehl, Regine

Political Science 

Morare, Ditebogo Modiegi

Political Science 

Müngersdorff, Maximilian

Social Scientist 

Never, Babette

Political Scientist 

Nowack, Daniel

Political Scientist 

Pegels, Anna

Economist 

Roll, Michael

Sociology 

Srigiri, Srinivasa Reddy

Agricultural Economist