Same table, different menus? A comparison of UN and EU mediation practice in the Kosovo-Serbia conflict

Bergmann, Julian
External Publications (2018)

in: International Negotiation 23 (2), 238-257

DOI: 10.1163/15718069-23021156
Information

This article compares UN and EU mediation practice in the Kosovo-Serbia conflict. It proposes a conceptual framework to analyze mediation effectiveness and its conditions and applies it to the UN-led Kosovo Status Talks in Vienna (2006–2007) and the ongoing EU-facilitated dialogue between Belgrade and Pristina (since 2011). The EU’s relatively high degree of effectiveness compared to the UN effort can be partly explained by the application of a strategy of "manipulation", drawing on the EU’s strong leverage vis-à-vis both sides; partly by pointing to the conflict context which has been more favorable to mediation since 2011. At the same time, the analysis reveals that EU mediation has not led to any changes concerning Serbia’s stance toward the recognition of Kosovo’s independence. The continuing non-resolution of the conflict demonstrates the limits of the EU’s mediation approach and points to a substantial dilemma of EU mediation.

About the author

Bergmann, Julian

Political Science

Bergmann

Further experts

Burni, Aline

Political Science 

Erforth, Benedikt

Political Science 

Fiedler, Charlotte

Political Scientist 

Friesen, Ina

Political Science 

Furness, Mark

Political Science 

Grimm, Sven

Political Science 

Grävingholt, Jörn

Political Scientist 

Hackenesch, Christine

Political Science 

Högl, Maximilian

Political Science 

Keijzer, Niels

Social Science 

Kloke-Lesch, Adolf

Urban and regional planner 

Koch, Svea

Social Science 

Kuhnt, Jana

Development Economist 

Marschall, Paul

Economy 

Martin-Shields, Charles

Political Scientist 

Mross, Karina

Political Scientist 

Scholtes, Fabian

Economist 

Weinlich, Silke

Political Science 

Ziaja, Sebastian

Political Scientist