The causal chain of market based reform in Egyptian voice Telecommunication

El-Haddad, Amirah
External Publications (2015)

in: Journal of Development Effectiveness 7 (4), 499-518


Utility reform swept the developing world in the 1980s and 1990s. This case study of the Egyptian telecoms sector shows that regulatory reform and liberalisation have created competitive pressures, stripping the national monopoly provider, Telecom Egypt (TE), of its market power. The market has diversified as the antiquated fixed (land)line system has been surpassed by rapid growth in the cellular market. Public sector reform and privatisation put efficiency pressures on the national incumbent (TE). These pressures resulted in improved outcomes for the main stakeholders, consumers, workers and the government, such as reduced prices, increased access and service quality.

About the author


Further experts

Altenburg, Tilman

Economic Geography 

Baumann, Max-Otto

Political Science 

Breuer, Anita

Political Scientist 

Dick, Eva

Sociologist and Spatial Planner 

Haldenwang, Christian von

Political Scientist 

Herrmann, Raoul


Houdret, Annabelle

Political Scientist 

Kunz, Yvonne


Leininger, Julia

Political Scientist 

Loewe, Markus


Mehl, Regine

Political Science 

Müngersdorff, Maximilian

Social Scientist 

Nowack, Daniel

Political Scientist 

Roll, Michael


Sommer, Christoph


Stoffel, Tim

Political Scientist 

Vrolijk, Kasper


Zintl, Tina

Political Scientist