in: Innovation and Development (forthcoming)
Taking the case of Morocco, this paper aims to explore what are the challenges to system-building initiatives for the development of the solar energy sector. Drawing on innovation systems literature, we aim to explore the factors and institutions that contribute to the emergence of a solar energy sector, and to delve into how political economy aspects affect the process of sustainable development in Morocco. We find that, aside from low capabilities and knowledge on solar energy technology, a key challenge to the development of an innovation system in Morocco is the lack of a strategic approach that not only engages all relevant stakeholders but also integrates diverse objectives. The role of the state in the society and its engagement in the economy is likely to explain why these processes do not prevail.