The trade effects of the economic partnership agreements between the European Union and the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States: Early Empirical insights from panel data

Stender, Frederik / Axel Berger / Clara Brandi / Jakob Schwab
External Publications (2021)

in: Journal of Common Market Studies, first published 17.06.2021

DOI: 10.1111/jcms.13201
Open access

This study provides early ex-post empirical evidence on the effects of provisionally applied Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) on trade flows between the European Union (EU) and the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States (ACP). Employing the gravity model of trade, we do not find a general EPA effect on trade between ACP countries and the EU, but identify heterogeneous effects across specific agreements and economic sectors. While the CARIFORUM-EU EPA rather reduced imports from the EU overall, other EPAs seem to have partly increased EU imports, particularly for the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) EPA partner countries. On the sectoral level, by comparison, we find increases in the EU's agricultural exports to SADC, Eastern and Southern Africa (ESA) and the Pacific. In the area of manufactures trade, we find decreases of exports of the ESA and SADC countries to the EU, but increases in EU imports for SADC countries.

About the authors

Berger, Axel

Political Science

Berger

Brandi, Clara

Economy and Political Science

Brandi

Stender, Frederik

Economist

Stender

Schwab, Jakob

Economy

Schwab

Further experts

Olekseyuk, Zoryana

Economist 

Owusu, Solomon

Economy