Working together to achieve the Paris climate goals and sustainable development: international climate cooperation and the role of developing countries and emerging economies

Working together to achieve the Paris climate goals and sustainable development: international climate cooperation and the role of developing countries and emerging economies

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Bauer, Steffen / Marie-Jeanne Kurdziel / Gabriela Iacobuta / Clara Brandi / Jean Carlo Rodríguez / Delphine Deryng / Jonas Hanshom / Niklas Höhne / Sybrig Smit / Srinivasa Srigiri
External Publications (2021)

Bonn: German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE)

ISBN: 978-3-96021-157-0
DOI: 10.23661/r1.2021

Executive Summary

Dt. Ausg. u.d.T.:
Gemeinsam Paris-Ziele und nachhaltige Entwicklung erreichen: Internationale Klimakooperation und die Rolle der Entwicklungs- und Schwellenländer

Sustainable development requires that the climate system be stabilised between 1.5°C and 2°C of average global warming. This necessitates a drastic reduction in global greenhouse gas emissions. Developing countries and emerging economies are increasingly the focus here. These nations already account for two-thirds of global emissions. Failure to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement would ultimately undermine the achievement of just and sustainable global development that leaves no one behind. A development-oriented strategy that achieves the necessary reduction in emissions requires both climate change mitigation and development cooperation across policy fields. Tackling the now unavoidable impacts of climate change must also include matters related to land use, marine conservation and global trade. The Paris Agreement and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development provide the necessary objectives and normative foundation for political action. Consistently implementing the objectives of both agendas is the key challenge for international policymakers, global corporations and for communities. In this context, it is necessary to keep all countries and population groups in view, aligning with the requirement of leaving no one behind. In addition to overarching approaches, individual action areas at the interface between climate policy and sustainable development are highly relevant. The most notable of these action areas are global energy production, the political design of urbanisation, sustainable agriculture, forest and ecosystem conservation, and the management of global freshwater resources. There are already many vantage points for international climate cooperation with developing and emerging countries. Their central role in achieving the goals of the Paris Agreement can therefore be strengthened in a sustainable manner. Provided the political will is there on the part of the partner countries and the respective national frameworks are created, the above mentioned action areas offer numerous options for intervention. This could effectively leverage the potential and experience of agents of international cooperation. The recommendations of the authors serve as examples and are spelled out in detail in the presented study.

About the authors

Bauer, Steffen

Political scientist

Bauer

Brandi, Clara

Economy and Political Science

Brandi
Rodríguez de Francisco

Iacobuta, Gabriela

Environmental Researcher

Iacobuta

Srigiri, Srinivasa Reddy

Agricultural Economist

Srigiri

Further experts

Aleksandrova, Mariya

Climate risk governance 

Baumann, Max-Otto

Political Science 

Beck, Tanja

Political Science 

Brehm, Johannes

Economy 

Dippel, Beatrice

Comparatist 

Droste, Leonie Marie

Political Science 

Gronen, Maria Elisabeth

Social Science 

Götze, Jacqueline

Political Scientist 

Hackenesch, Christine

Political Science 

Hilbrich, Sören

Economy 

Hägele, Ramona

Political Scientist 

Janus, Heiner

Political Science 

Keijzer, Niels

Social Science 

Kloke-Lesch, Adolf

Urban and regional planning 

Koch, Svea

Social Science 

Kuhn, Sascha

Social Psychology 

Laudage, Sabine

Economy 

Malerba, Daniele

Economy 

Mathis, Okka Lou

Political Scientist 

Never, Babette

Political Scientist 

Pegels, Anna

Economist 

Scholz, Imme

Sociologist 

Schulz, Sabrina

Political Science 

Schwachula, Anna

Sociology 

Vogel, Johanna

International Cultural Economy 

Wehrmann, Dorothea

Sociology 

Weinlich, Silke

Political Science