Briefing Paper (in German: Analysen und Stellungnahmen) are always four pages long and discuss ongoing and controversial issues in international relations. By including recommendations, the series primarily aims at policy makers, practitioners, and representatives of the (professional) media industry. Besides, the series is also open to everyone interested in developmental issues.
All editions of the series can be downloaded in full text and for free on our website.
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Meergans, Franziska / Christina Aue / Christian Knieper / Sascha Kochendörfer / Andrea Lenschow / Claudia Pahl-Wostl (2020)
Intensive agriculture is characteristic for the region of Weser-Ems and the major source of nitrate pollution in groundwater. The analysis of coordination and cooperation shows that incoherent policies in the water, (bio)energy and agricultural sector have exacerbated the problem situation at hand.
In order to effectively assist countries in building back better from the COVID-19 pandemic and return to a path towards the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the UN and its development organizations will need to focus more than in recent times on high-level policy advice.
En el Guadalquivir (España) se debe que reducir el consumo de agua agrícola a fin de cumplir los requisitos cuantitativos de la Directiva Marco del Agua de la Unión Europea. Es preciso reforzar el intercambio intersectorial, la transparencia y la vigilancia y reducir las concesiones de agua para hacer frente a este desafío.
The Emscher River restoration project reveals usage conflicts associated with the long-term revitalisation of the water system. This modification process requires coordination between sectors and local authorities, particularly the water, open space development and nature conservation sectors.
South Africa’s water legislation is recognised for its ambitious adoption of Integrated Water Resource Management. However, implementation is hindered by conflicting hierarchical and network-based governance styles and lack of coordination between western administration and traditional authority.
Mineral and metal extraction threatens water quantity and quality in Mongolia. While good legal provisions for coordination exist, a lack of stakeholder involvement, data availability, human and financial capacity, and general transparency and accountability hinder their implementation.
Yousefi, Ali / Christian Knieper / Claudia Pahl-Wostl (2020)
The Zayandeh Rud, one of the main rivers in Iran, suffers from severe water scarcity caused by competition among different water users. Overcoming the dominance of supply-oriented water management, strengthening transparency and more collaborative governance would help address the water crisis.
The Guadalquivir basin in Spain struggles with reducing agricultural water consumption to comply with water quantity provisions of the European Water Framework Directive. Improved cross-sectoral exchange, transparency, monitoring and revision of water rights are needed to address this challenge.
Weinlich, Silke / Max-Otto Baumann / Erik Lundsgaarde (2020)
Germany has become the second-largest funder of UN humanitarian and development work, but its funding is rather fragmented and restricted. To be an effective supporter of multilateralism, the German Government should adopt a coordinated, strategically informed approach to funding UN organizations.
Baumann, Max-Otto / Erik Lundsgaarde / Silke Weinlich (2020)
The United Nations development system and other multilateral organizations have increasingly been funded through earmarked contributions. This has implications for their ability to effectively and independently perform the functions member states’ expect of them.