Discussion Paper are short research papers which are directed at different research target groups. These papers deal in general with concrete and stringently collected topics. They often discuss interim findings on research projects, theses, evaluation and political reports. Discussion Paper can be downloaded for free on the website of the German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) or ordered at a price of € 6.00. Please contact our publication department by mail or e-mail.
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Government procurement internationalisation has been the explicit objective of many initiatives at the WTO; even though we know little about how open procurement markets actually are in developing countries, or how effective trade disciplines are to that end. This paper suggests they are not.
Do INDCs lead to self-differentiation of countries' responsibilities to address climate change? This paper shows that 1) INDCs advance CBDR-RC beyond mitigation to include, at least, adaptation and finance; 2) INDCs advance differentiation beyond the bifurcation of Annex I and non-Annex I countries.
The concept of non-economic loss and damage (NELD) groups the impacts of climate change that are hard to measure or quantify. This paper outlines the main characteristics of NELD and the specific challenges they pose to research and policy-making at the national and international level.
Altenburg, Tilman / Elmar Kulke / Aimée Hampel-Milagrosa / Lisa Peterskovsky / Caroline Reeg (2016)
Discussion Paper, 2/2016
The diffusion of supermarkets in developing countries increases productivity, but fast roll-out also treatens the livelihoods of millions engaged in traditional stores and their supply chains. We show what governments and retail corporations can do to make retail modernisation inclusive.
Draper, Peter / Cynthia Chikura / Heinrich Krogman (2016)
Discussion Paper, 1/2016
Rules of origin are critical to any preferential trade agreement, determining which firms qualify to take advantage of negotiated concessions. The paper discusses recent developments and debates in Sub-Saharan trade negotiations and argues in favour of liberal rules of origin.
Brandi, Clara / Birgit Schmitz (2015)
Discussion Paper, 13/2015
Trade finance can be an important driver for international trade. We analyse a panel data set on export credit insurance and trade flows for 215 destinations for the period 2005-2013 and find that imports to developing countries are heavily supported by a higher flow of trade credit insurance.
Die 2030-Agenda ist ein Meilenstein auf dem Weg zu einer nachhaltigen Entwicklung. Sie fordert von den deutschen Bundesländern ihre Nachhaltigkeits- und Entwicklungspolitik besser zu verzahnen und im Rahmen der internationalen Zusammenarbeit neu auszurichten, um menschliches Wohlergehen zu sichern.
Public works programmes are becoming increasingly popular in international development cooperation. Still we know very little about long-terms effects of such programmes on employment. This paper addresses this gab and reviews existing evidence from 16 programmes throughout the developing world.
Micro and small enterprises (MSE) account for the bulk of employment in low and middle income countries, yet, only few of them grow. This paper analyses under which conditions MSEs drive job creation and improvements in job quality, and presents policy recommendations to assist their growth.
Public works programmes are becoming increasingly popular in developing countries. Still we know very little about the long-terms effects of the infrastructure created in such programmes. This paper addresses this gab using data from the Indian National Rural Employment Guarantee Act.