UN Refugee Camp
© UNHCR/S. Baldwin

Refugees and displacement

Refugees and displacement are dominant issues of our time. Never in the history of mankind were so many people forced to leave their homesteads. The public perception of refugees and displacement in Germany and Europe is very much focused on the challenges and consequences for home economies and societies. However, developing countries are considerably more affected by the world refugee crisis. More than half of the people being displaced worldwide do not even leave their countries of origin. The affected countries and regions are thus faced with enormous challenges. The root causes of flight and displacement are often complex: These comprise of violent conflicts, weak statehood, economic crises or natural disasters and environmental change.

Which contribution can development policy make to forestall displacement? Will environmental change further increase future refugee flows? How can refugees be best supported? How can the negative consequences of displacement be mitigated?

In this special, the German Development Institute/ Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) presents its recent works and activities on refugees, displacement and its root causes.

Research Staff


Climate change is not everything – The causes of flight and migration are manifold
Schraven, Benjamin (2017)
The Current Column of 6 June 2017

The European Union Trust Fund for Africa: what implications for future EU development policy?
Castillejo, Clare (2017)
Briefing Paper 5/2017

Build towns instead of camps: Uganda as an example of integrative refugee policy
Kreibaum, Merle
Briefing Paper 19/2016

The EU's response to the "refugees crisis": one year after the Valletta Summit
Castillejo, Clare (2016)
The Current Column, 14 November 2016

Baut Städte statt Lager: Uganda als Beispiel einer integrativen Flüchtlingspolitik
Kreibaum, Merle
Analysen und Stellungnahmen 8/2016

Migration, risk management and climate change: evidence and policy responses (Global Migration Issues)
Milan, Andrea / Benjamin Schraven / Koko Warner / Noemi Cascone (eds.) (2016)
Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Migration dynamics in sub-Saharan Africa – myths, facts and challenges
Schraven, Benjamin (2016)
in: Rural 21 50 (2), 27-29

Die Schutzlücke schließen: Klimaflüchtlinge als Herausforderung für das Recht
Bauer, Steffen / Benjamin Schraven (2016)

published on Umwelt - Mitwelt - Zukunft 73/2016, 6

A long-term, painstaking undertaking with no guarantee of success – and yet necessary: the development policy "tackling" of causes of flight
Schraven, Benjamin / Jörn Grävingholt (2016)
The Current Column, 20 June 2016

Krisenregion Naher Osten: Fluchtursachen und die Rolle der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit
Trautner, Bernhard (2016)
in: Resultate 2/2016, 1,3-4

Beeinflussen Freihandelsabkommen Migration?
Brandi, Clara (2016)

in: Welt-Sichten 5/2016, 6-7

Wars, refugees and a 'systemic crisis': international emergency assistance requires reform
Grävingholt, Jörn / Benjamin Schraven (2016)
The Current Column of 23 May 2016

Refugees and international trade: are we ready to talk about the day after?
Ragoussis, Alexandros (2016)
The Current Column of 11 May 2016

The global refugee crisis: The key role of cities
Dick, Eva / Benjamin Schraven(2016)
The Current Column of 2 May 2016

Ein Marshallplan für Syrien
Bernhard Trautner (2016)
Zeit.de, 03.02.2016

Their suffering, our burden? How Congolese refugees affect the Ugandan population
Kreibaum, Merle (2016)

in: World Development 78 (February) 262–287

How can development policy help to tackle the causes of flight?
Schraven, Benjamin / Bernhard Trautner / Julia Leininger / Markus Loewe / Jörn Grävingholt
Briefing Paper 2/2016

Europe must send global cooperation signals – Four proposals
Messner, Dirk (2016)

The Current Column of 11 January 2016

Was kann Entwicklungspolitik zur Bekämpfung von Fluchtursachen beitragen?
Schraven, Benjamin / Bernhard Trautner / Julia Leininger / Markus Loewe / Jörn Grävingholt
Analysen und Stellungnahmen 14/2015

Beyond adaptation? The changing nature of seasonal migration in Northern Ghana in the context of climate change, agricultural decline and food insecurity
Schraven, Benjamin / Christina Rademacher-Schulz (2015)
in: Felicitas Hillmann / Marie Pahl / Birte Rafflenbeul / Harald Sterly (eds.), Environmental change, adaptation and migration: bringing in the region, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 267-282

Human mobility in response to rainfall variability: opportunities for migration as a successful adaptation strategy in eight case studies
Schraven, Benjamin / T. Afifi / A. Milan / B. Etzold / C. Rademacher-Schulz / P. Sakdapolrak / A. Reif / K.van der Geest / K.Warner (2015)
published on Migration and Development DOI:10.1080/21632324.2015.1022974

Europa sollte sich nicht beschweren
Keijzer, Niels/ Benjamin Schraven (2015)
Zeit online, 3 November 2015

Mit oder ohne Assad, das ist nicht die Frage
Bernhard Trautner (2015)
Zeit online, 3 October 2015

Tackling the real reasons causing people to flee Syria
Trautner, Bernhard (2015)
The Current Column of 8 October 2015

A five-point plan for dealing with the refugee crisis: there are no small solutions to big problems
Messner, Dirk

The Current Column of 11 September 2015

What should (and what should not) be done to ease the Syrian refugee crisis?
Furness, Mark / Annabelle Houdret (2015)
The Current Column of 8 September 2015

Talk instead of tanks: coming to terms with the past in Iraq as a stabilising factor
Crncic, Zeljko (2015)
The Current Column of 31 August 2015

Migration to Europe – is North Africa Europe's boarder guard?
Schäfer, Isabel (2015)
The Current Column of 8 June 2015

Finanzmarktregulierung könnte auch Flüchtlingshilfe sein – mehr Verantwortung bitte!
Schmitz, Birgit / Benjamin Schraven (2015)
in: Diplomatisches Magazin 4/2015, 38-39

The role of development policy in European refugee policy
Hackenesch, Christine / Julia Leininger (2015)
The Current Column of 5 May 2015

Theory and practice? A comparative analysis of migration and development policies in eleven European countries and the European Commission
Keijzer, Niels / Julia Héraud / Malin Frankenhaeuser (2015)
in: International Migration DOI: 10.1111/imig.12191

Europe, a continent of immigration
Schäfer, Isabel (2015)
in: Culture Report (EUNIC Yearbook 2014/2015), 153-159

Konflikte, Krisen, Klimawandel: Deutschlands globale Verantwortung für eine zukunftsfähige Migrationspolitik
Bauer, Steffen / Benjamin Schraven (2014)
in: Diplomatisches Magazin 10/2014, 40-43

Water and electricity – weapons in the Syrian conflict
Scheumann, Waltina (2014)

The Current Column of 30 June 2014

Die globale Flüchtlingskrise erfordert mehr als nur humanitäre Hilfe
Schraven, Benjamin / Niels Keijzer (2014)
The Current Column of 23 June 2014

Umweltbedingte Migration: Anpassung an den Klimawandel
Bauer, Steffen (2014)
Goethe Institut online

Post 2015: Migration im Sinne einer nachhaltigen Entwicklung gestalten
Schraven, Benjamin / Niels Keijzer / Anna Knoll (2014)
Briefing Paper 1/2014

Will a post-2015 development framework acknowledge migration?
Knoll, Anna / Niels Keijzer (2013)
in: Frank Laczko / Lars Johan Lönnback (eds.), Migration and the United Nations Post-2015 Development Agenda, Geneva: International Organisation for Migration, 53-66

New initiative to protect “environmental refugees”: good but not yet sufficient
Schraven, Benjamin / Steffen Bauer (2013)
The Current Column of 2 April 2013


In the media

Fluchtursachen bekämpfen - aber richtig
Benjamin Schraven
Berliner Republik 1/2017

In the Media

Logo: Bayern2

Leere Worte - Von der Bekämpfung der Fluchtursachen
Interview with Jörn Grävingholt
7 September 2016, Radio Bayern 2 Dossier Politik


Was kann Entwicklungspolitik zur Bekämpfung von Fluchtursachen beitragen?
Schraven, Benjamin / Bernhard Trautner / Julia Leininger / Markus Loewe / Jörn Grävingholt
Analysen und Stellungnahmen 14/2015


In the media

In the media

Ein Marshallplan für Syrien
Bernhard Trautner
Zeit.de, 3 February 2016

In the media

Europa sollte sich nicht beschweren
Keijzer, Niels/ Benjamin Schraven
Zeit online, 3 November 2015

In the media

"Migration gestalten". Fluchtursachen an der Wurzel packen
3Sat Makro: Preliminary Interview with Julia Leininger
17 September 2015