Biodiversity, ecosystem services and forest governance

Natural resources provide a range of different benefits that are often conceptualized as ecosystem or environmental services. As different environmental services or natural resources are used by different stakeholders for different purposes, managing natural resources for a specific purpose inherently creates trade-offs. This demonstrates the need to consider environmental, economic and distributional aspects in the sustainable management of natural resources.

In recent years a number of instruments – including compensation mechanisms – have been developed to provide incentives for the sustainable management of natural resources and to ensure the equitable sharing of benefits derived from their use. The work of the German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) on payments for ecosystem services (PES), access and benefit sharing (ABS) in the Convention on Biological Diversity, and benefit-sharing in transboundary water management is complemented by recent work on reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+). On this basis, DIE researchers further examine the conditions for and the effects of the application of these mechanisms in developing countries, in particular concerning their environmental impacts and social inclusiveness.


Sustainability in the water-energy-food nexus
Bhaduri, A. / C. Ringler / I. Dombrowsky / R. Mohtar / W. Scheumann (eds.),  Water International (Special Issue), 40 (5-6), 723-732


Cover: Climatic Change

Private finance for adaptation: do private realities meet public ambitions?
Pauw, Pieter, Richard Klein, Pier Vellinga, Frank Biermann (2015)
Climatic Change, pp 1-15


Biodiversity – A vital foundation for sustainable development
G7 Elmau Progress Report
(long version in English)