Fragile states and societal peace

How do social (dis)integration and fragile statehood interact with one another? What policy approaches help to overcome state fragility? This cluster further develops analysis of strategies for promoting peace and democracy in order to build and maintain peace.

  • Typology of (fragile) states. What are the determining factors in states moving from one type of fragility to another (e.g. from a state with limited legitimacy to one in a state of war)? The patterns identified with the help of quantified comparative country data form a key basis for the other questions within the cluster, for example, on the influence of a state’s context conditions on the effectiveness of cooperation approaches.
  • Interaction between social disintegration and the stability of political orders. How do different types of fragile states interact with social disintegration and what are the politically influenceable determining factors to which they are subject? This team investigates whether context-specific “tipping points” of social cohesion can be identified, including, for example, the effects of migration flows.
  • Conflict types and peaceful transformation towards policy-making geared to the common good. How can we shape political transformation to the common good in a peaceful way? Because political change often goes hand in hand with conflict, the team studies how different forms of conflict (e.g. protests, political violence, intra-state warfare) undermine or promote the emergence and implementation of activities for the common good.