Russia's invasion of Ukraine in violation of international law marks a turning point. While the outcome of the military conflict is highly uncertain and the number of casualties is rising daily, the consequences of the war are already becoming clear beyond the region: millions of people are forced to leave their homes, civilians arm themselves, the authoritarian Russian regime is resorting to increasingly repressive measures even in its own country and is waging an information war for the sovereignty of interpretation. The foreign policy of many Western states is in crisis mode and ever more far-reaching sanctions are being imposed. The German government is also adapting its foreign and defence policy against this background.
There is much talk of a turning point, marking the culmination so far of the smouldering systemic conflict between the democratic model and a "counter-model" represented by authoritarian regimes. It requires a remeasurement of the international order that emerged after the end of the Cold War. At the same time, the consequences of the war are likely to affect partner countries of development cooperation worldwide. A world food situation already strained by the Corona pandemic, an increasing securitisation of conflicts and macro-financial impacts are only some of the consequences that will challenge societies worldwide.
This Special compiles contributions from the German Development Institute (DIE) from different perspectives on the Russian war against Ukraine and its consequences. It is updated continuously.