Aligning climate change mitigation and sustainable development under the UNFCCC: a critical assessment of the Clean Development Mechanism, the Green Climate Fund and REDD+

Aligning climate change mitigation and sustainable development under the UNFCCC: a critical assessment of the Clean Development Mechanism, the Green Climate Fund and REDD+

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Horstmann, Britta / Jonas Hein
Studies 96 (2017)

Bonn: German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE)

ISBN: 978-3-96021-043-6
Price: 10 €

Investments in climate change mitigation will have to rise massively in the coming years in order to keep the global temperature increase below 1.5°C. Rising levels of investment in mitigation can reduce the impacts of climate change. Yet, they also increase the risk that these investments adversely affect development opportunities and adaptive capacities. Those who have contributed the least to climate change, but are the most vulnerable to its impacts, could thus face a double-equity gap.
This study analyses to what extent the UNFCCC regime aligns climate change mitigation with sustainable development. First, we analyse sustainable development effects of past mitigation action under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). Second, we analyse to what extent the key UNFCCC mitigation approaches – the CDM, Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD+) and the Green Climate Fund (GCF) – support the generation of positive effects, or the prevention of negative effects, on sustainable development. Finally, we compare the key UNFCCC mitigation approaches and highlight their main weaknesses and challenges. We argue that the governance approaches of the CDM, REDD+ and the GCF do not sufficiently address the risk of negative effects related to rising levels of mitigation investment.

About the authors

Hein, Jonas

Geographer

Hein

Horstmann, Britta

Geographer

Horstmann

Further experts

Altenburg, Tilman

Economic Geographer 

Bauer, Steffen

Political scientist 

Brandi, Clara

Economist and Political Scientist 

Mehl, Regine

Political Scientist 

Never, Babette

Political Scientist 

Pauw, Pieter

Environment Scientist 

Pegels, Anna

Economist 

Volz, Ulrich

Economist 

Chan, Sander

Enviroment Policy 

Fuhrmann, Hanna

Economist 

Keil, Jonas

Economist 

Hulse, Merran

Political Scientist 

Kuhn, Sascha

Social Psychologist 

Mathis, Okka Lou

Political Scientist 

Nguyen, Quynh

Political Scientist 

Nowack, Daniel

Political Scientist 

Olekseyuk, Zoryana

Economist 

Vogel, Johanna

International Cultural Economist 

Wehrmann, Dorothea

Sociologist 

Reiners, Wulf

Political Scientist 

Malerba, Daniele

Economist 

Bencini, Jacopo

Environmental Researcher 

Iacobuta, Gabriela

Environmental Researcher 

Weinsheimer, Felix

Political Scientist 

Gonsior, Victoria

Economist 

Weinreich, Jan

Political Science