A global review of ecological fiscal transfers

Jonah Busch, Irene Ring, Monique Akullo et al.
Externe Publikationen (2021)

in: Nature Sustainability, first published 24.06.2021

DOI: 10.1038/s41893-021-00728-0
Information

Ecological fiscal transfers (EFT) transfer public revenue between governments within a country based on ecological indicators. EFT can compensate subnational governments for the costs of conserving ecosystems and in principle can incentivize greater ecological conservation. We review established EFT in Brazil, Portugal, France, China and India, and emerging or proposed EFT in ten more countries. We analyse common themes related to EFT emergence, design and effects. EFT have grown rapidly from US$0.35 billion yr−1 in 2007 to US$23 billion yr−1 in 2020. We discuss the scope of opportunity to expand EFT to other countries by ‘greening’ intergovernmental fiscal transfers.

Über die Autorin

Yu, Lu

Agrarökonomin

Weitere Expert*innen zu diesem Thema

Aleksandrova, Mariya

Climate risk governance 

Bauer, Steffen

Politikwissenschaftler 

Dombrowsky, Ines

Ökonomin 

Hernandez, Ariel

Ökonomie 

Houdret, Annabelle

Politikwissenschaftlerin 

Lehmann, Ina

Politikwissenschaft 

Rodríguez de Francisco, Jean Carlo

Ökologische Ökonomie 

Scholz, Imme

Soziologin