in: Tilman Altenburg / Claudia Assmann (eds.), Green industrial policy: concept, policies, country experiences, Geneva; Bonn: UN Environment; German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE), 87-101
Never and Kemp show how the phase-in of green technological alternatives can be accomplished. The challenge here is to cope with a variety of disincentives: the new green alternatives typically need to develop and become competitive in the face of established technologies that benefit from existing network effects and economies of scale, from path-dependent consumer behaviour and from political backing influenced by vested interest groups. Building on experiences from China, Germany, India and the Netherlands, the authors identify seven principles for the design of phase-in policies.