Do investor-state dispute settlement cases influence domestic environmental regulation? The role of respondent state bureaucratic capacity

Berge, Tarald Laudal / Axel Berger
Externe Publikationen (2021)

in: Journal of International Dispute Settlement 12 (1), 1-41

DOI: 10.1093/jnlids/idaa027
Open access

Does international politics influence domestic politics? In the investment treaty regime, there is currently a debate about whether investor-state dispute settlement cases influence respondent state domestic regulation. We present a systematic test of this relationship. Using two unique datasets, we examine whether investor-state cases targeting environmental measures influence respondent states’ environmental regulation. We make two theoretical contributions. First, we present an integrated typology of potential regulatory responses to investor-state dispute settlement cases. Second, we propose a novel, conditional theory of regulatory responses to investor-state cases. We argue that states’ responses should depend on their bureaucratic capacity. In our analysis, we find that respondent state bureaucratic capacity conditions the relationship between investor-state cases and subsequent domestic regulation. There is a more pronounced negative relationship between investor-state cases and regulatory behavior in states with high bureaucratic capacity than in low-capacity states.

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Berger, Axel

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