Female wages in the Egyptian textiles and clothing industry: low pay and discrimination

El-Haddad, Amirah
Externe Publikationen (2016)

in: Review of Economics and Political Science 1 (1), 1-35

Information

This paper analyzes the gender wage gap in the Egyptian textiles and clothing sector. Women receive just 72 percent of the hourly wage of men. This pay gap arises partly as women join the industry at a young age (which accounts for 40% of the wage gap), are concentrated in the lower paid occupations (14% of the gap), and in smaller firms (6%). Past occupational allocative segregation and discrimination drive the current gendered composition of the sector. There is also strong evidence for valuative discrimination, though women are favored in returns in exporting firms and in most occupational categories except engineers. Legislation to ensure true freedom of association, a more encompassing equal pay act, minimum wage legislation coupled with a right to information act, and trade linked schemes are all viable steps towards eradicating wage gaps, but all require further policy research. Women themselves must struggle to change legislation, ensure enforcement and alter rigid preconceptions and deeply embedded cultural and social forces that continue to encumber women and reinforce discrimination.

Über die Autorin

El-Haddad, Amirah

Ökonomin

El-Haddad

Weitere Expertinnen/Experten zu diesem Thema

Burchi, Francesco

Entwicklungsökonom 

Nowack, Daniel

Politikwissenschaftler 

Roll, Michael

Soziologe 

Zintl, Tina

Politikwissenschaftlerin