The trade effects of environmental provisions in preferential trade agreements

Berger, Axel / Clara Brandi / Jean-Frédéric Morin / Jakob Schwab
Externe Publikationen (2020)

in: Beverelli, Cosimo / Jürgen Kurz / Damian Raess (Eds.), International Trade, Investment, and the Sustainable Development Goals, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 111-139

DOI: 10.1017/9781108881364.006
Information

The international community has acknowledged that international trade can be an effective means of helping to achieve the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Traditionally, preferential trade agreements (PTAs) were designed to promote trade flows. PTAs have become more comprehensive and now also cover non-economic policy areas, such as the environment. This chapter examines whether the inclusion of environmental provisions in PTAs changes the observed overall positive contribution that PTAs make to economic outcomes and thereby to the economic objectives of the SDGs. Specifically, we ask whether the inclusion of environmental provisions in PTAs reduces export flows between PTA partner countries. Using a novel data set on environmental provisions in PTAs, we estimate gravity type panel regressions. We find that membership in PTAs including more environmental provisions is associated with less trade among trade partners compared to PTAs that include less or no environmental provisions. This negative effect of environmental provisions is fully driven by the negative effect on South–North trade flows, i.e. exports from developing to high-income countries.

Über die Autor*innen

Berger, Axel

Politikwissenschaft

Berger

Brandi, Clara

Ökonomie und Politikwissenschaft

Brandi

Schwab, Jakob

Ökonomie

Schwab

Weitere Expert*innen zu diesem Thema

Baye, Richmond

Wirtschaftswissenschaften 

Brehm, Johannes

Ökonomie 

Droste, Leonie Marie

Politikwissenschaft 

Gronen, Maria Elisabeth

Sozialwissenschaften 

Götze, Jacqueline

Politikwissenschaft 

Hägele, Ramona

Politikwissenschaftlerin 

Iacobuta, Gabriela

Umweltwissenschaftlerin 

Kloke-Lesch, Adolf

Stadt- und Regionalplanung 

Koch, Svea

Sozialwissenschaft 

Laudage, Sabine

Ökonomie 

Mathis, Okka Lou

Politikwissenschaftlerin 

Mehl, Regine

Politikwissenschaft 

Olekseyuk, Zoryana

Ökonomin 

Owusu, Solomon

Ökonomie 

Scholz, Imme

Soziologin 

Schulz, Sabrina

Politikwissenschaft 

Schwachula, Anna

Soziologie 

Srigiri, Srinivasa Reddy

Agrarökonom 

Stender, Frederik

Ökonom 

Vogel, Johanna

Kulturwirtschaft 

Wehrmann, Dorothea

Soziologie 

Weinlich, Silke

Politikwissenschaft