Briefing Paper (in German: Analysen und Stellungnahmen) are always four pages long and discuss ongoing and controversial issues in international relations. By including recommendations, the series primarily aims at policy makers, practitioners, and representatives of the (professional) media industry. Besides, the series is also open to everyone interested in developmental issues.
All editions of the series can be downloaded in full text and for free on our website.
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Loewe, Markus / Bernhard Trautner / Tina Zintl (2019)
The social contract is a key term in social science literature focusing on state-society relations but has rarely been well. Our briefing paper suggests a concept where social contracts are sets of agreements between societal groups and the government on rights and obligations towards each other.
The drifting-apart of societies has become a major concern in many regions. Economic factors such as income inequality are often assumed to aggravate these trends. This brief depicts what we actually know about the relation between economic factors and social cohesion and outlines policy implications.
A WTO framework for investment facilitation can contribute to sustainable development if it strengthens developing countries’ capacities, respects policy space, allows for longer implementation periods, enhances responsible business conduct and supports multi-stakeholder cooperation.
van der Weide, Roy / Ambar Narayan / Mario Negre (2019)
For large parts of the world’s population, individual education is still too closely tied to the education of one’s parents, more so for poorer than for to richer world regions. Countries at any stage of development can raise intergenerational mobility by investing more to equalise opportunities.
Many governments are under pressure to mobilise revenues at home. More international cooperation is needed to support them. In particular, additional efforts are required to fight tax avoidance, tax evasion and harmful or ineffective tax expenditures.
Schraven, Benjamin / Stephen Adaawen / Christina Rademacher-Schulz / Nadine Segadlo (2019)
Human (im-)mobility in the context of climate change is major challenge for the African continent. This paper identifies some key trends in "climate migration" in Sub-Saharan Africa. Based on that, three basic policy recommendations are formulated.
Countries coming out of conflict often adopt new constitutions, but the question how this affects their chances of sustaining peace remains unanswered. This paper summarises new research showing that post-conflict constitution-making processes and especially longer ones can contribute to peace.
Bauer, Steffen / Axel Berger / Gabriela Iacobuta (2019)
G20 represents 80% of global carbon emissions and 80% of global wealth. This briefing paper argues how the club's economic and political weight may be harnessed for ambitious action towards implementing the Paris Agreement and 2030 Agenda in spite of domestic agendas and geopolitical odds.
Negre, Mario / José Cuesta / Ana Revenga / Prescott J. Morley (2019)
Conventional economic wisdom has long maintained that there is a necessary trade-off between pursuit of the efficiency of a system and any attempts to improve equity between participants within that system. Evidence from recent decades suggests,, however, that the trade-off itself is, in many cases,
Populist trends carry significant threats when it comes to dealing with cross-border challeng-es. States with strong populist outlooks can slow down global sustainable development. Conse-quently, countries less affected by such outlooks should take on key roles.