Global Tax Expenditures Database – Official Launch
Council on Economic Policies (CEP) & German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE)
The Council on Economic Policies (CEP) and the German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) are officially launching their joint project: The Global Tax Expenditures Database (GTED): www.GTED.net. GTED is the first database that brings together publicly available official information on tax expenditures worldwide and seeks to improve reporting, enhance scrutiny, and, ultimately, contribute to the design of effective and fair tax expenditures across the world.
The online event will feature a keynote speech by Pascal Saint-Amans, Director, Centre for Tax Policy and Administration, OECD.
You can register here.
Governments use a wide range of policies to pursue public objectives. An important part of their toolkit are the benefits they provide to certain taxpayers through tax breaks – or as many call them “tax expenditures”.
Indeed, a significant amount of government funding worldwide is channeled through tax incentives for firms, tax deductions for households, and lower tax rates for specific goods. In the United States, tax expenditures reduce federal government revenue by more than 1.4 trillion Dollars a year: that is almost 7% of GDP and roughly one third of federal government spending. The average fiscal cost of tax expenditures across the European Union lies around 4% of GDP, and can even exceed 10% as in Czechia and Finland. Tax expenditures in developing and emerging economies are also significant. For instance, they amount to more than 4% of GDP in Brazil and South Africa, and come close to 8% in Colombia and Senegal.
Yet, despite their magnitude and the fact that their net impact on government budgets is the same as direct spending, tax expenditures are often opaque and hidden from public scrutiny. As a consequence, they are hardly ever assessed in terms of costs and benefits. This is particularly worrisome since tax expenditures are often ineffective in reaching their stated goals and can trigger negative social and environmental side effects, such as exacerbating inequality and contributing to climate change.
Against the background of growing fiscal needs due to the COVID-19 pandemic, CEP and DIE are convinced that the information provided by the Global Tax Expenditures Database (GTED) will be particularly relevant for governments and the public in general.
Hinweis / Please note
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16.06.2021 / 15:00