Employment promotion by development cooperation
One of the biggest challenges for developing countries is the creation of productive employment for a growing population. Decent work and income are central to poverty reduction, improved living conditions and social cohesion. The question is what governemnts and foreign donors can do to faciliattae the creation of productive employment; Growth alone cannot ensure it. Therefore, German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) examines the experience of low and middle income countries with different employment policy instruments.
German development co-operation is increasingly focusing on Africa and the Middle East. The war in Syria, the destabilisation of other countries in the Middle East and North Africa and migratory movements from Africa to Europe are a cause for concern. They show more clearly than ever before how strongly the future of Europe also depends on the question if people in neighboring regions have prospects for peace and development as well.
Productive and decent employment plays an important role. One of the main drivers of destabilisation in Africa and the Middle East is that these regions suffer particularly from wide-spread unemployment, underemployment and informal, precarious forms of employment. Especially young people are faced with a bleak lack of stable and productive jobs. The question, therefore, is how to shape economic development in order to make it as employment-intensive as possible.
Since 2014, DIE has been looking at different aspects of this question. Currently, the focus is on the following four issues:
- Which sectors bear the greatest potential for the creation of employment in sub-Saharan Africa?
- How does the increasing spread of modern communication and information technologies affect the creation of employment in sub-Saharan Africa?
- How can industrial policies help to raise the employment intensity of growth in countries of the Middle East and North Africa?
- To what extent are public works programs also suitable for the creation of short-term employment and public goods (utility and transportation infrastructure) in war-affected and post-conflict countries (e.g. Syria, Iraq, Yemen)?
Goal 8: Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
Loewe, Markus / Anna Pegels / Tilman Altenburg (2015)
in: Loewe, Markus / Nicole Rippin (eds.), Translating an ambitious vision into global transformation: the 2030 agenda for sustainable development, Bonn: German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE), (Discussion Paper 7/2015), 51-58
How can public works programmes create sustainable employment?
Gehrke, Esther / Renate Hartwig (2015)
Discussion Paper 11/2015
Can public works infrastructure affect employment outcomes? Evidence from the NREGS in India
Gehrke, Esther (2015)
Discussion Paper 9/2015
Do cows have negative returns? The evidence revisited
Gehrke, Esther / Michael Grimm (2014)
Bonn: Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA), (Discussion Paper 8525)
An employment guarantee as risk insurance? Assessing the effects of the NREGS on agricultural production decisions
Gehrke, Esther (2014)
BGPE (Discussion Paper Series 152)
Industrial development and employment promotion through renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies: international experience and policy options for Southern and Eastern Mediterranean countries
Altenburg, Tilman / Georgeta Vidican (2012)
Strategy paper contributing to the Mediterranean Solar Plan of the Union for the Mediterranean, Barcelona
Can industrial policy work under neopatrimonial rule?
Altenburg, Tilman (2011)
United Nations University UNU-WIDER (Working Paper 2011/41)
Industrial policy in developing countries: overview and lessons from seven country cases
Altenburg, Tilman (2011)
Discussion Paper 4/2011
Armut, Beschäftigung und ökonomisches Wachstum: wirtschaftliche Entwicklung breitenwirksam gestalten
Altenburg, Tilman (2001)
in: E+Z Entwicklung und Zusammenarbeit 42 (11)
Promoting the private sector for employment and poverty reduction - a central task of development cooperation
Altenburg, Tilman (2000)
Briefing Paper 4/2000
Wirtschaftliche Modernisierung und Beschäftigung in Lateinamerika: Zielkonflikte und Lösungsansätze
Altenburg, Tilman / Regine Qualmann / Jürgen Weller (1999)
Modernisierung industrieller Unternehmen und Beschäftigungssicherung: Zielkonflikt und Lösungswege am Beispiel Lateinamerikas
Altenburg, Tilman / Regine Qualmann / Jürgen Weller (1998)
in: Nord-Süd aktuell 12 (3), 482-503
Building systemic competitiveness: concept and case studies from Mexico, Brazil, Paraguay, Korea and Thailand
Altenburg, Tilman / Wolfgang Hillebrand / Jörg Meyer-Stamer (1998)