Polar bears on melting ice floes, coral bleaching and garbage patches are among the most popular images that visualise the profound anthropogenic changes that oceans and other marine areas are currently experiencing. At the same time, the strategic significance of oceans and their overall relevance is growing locally and globally: They act as climate regulators, source of nutrition and for livelihood security.
Since 1982, oceans are classified “common heritage of humankind” (United Nations Law of the Sea) but particularly the Paris Climate Agreement and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (both 2015) emphasise human effects on the sensitive, unique and complex ecosystems. Both agreements strongly demand the protection and more sustainable use of marine areas for humanity at large.
At the German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE), experts investigate challenges and transformation processes that go along with the implementation of the Paris Agreement and the 2030 Agenda. By considering different perspectives, they identify trade-offs, need for reforms and adaptation, and develop recommendations for political practitioners.