in: Diplomatisches Magazin 12/2016, 50-53
The G20 can play an important role in the implementation of the Agenda 2030. With the introduction of the G20 Action Plan on the Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development and the creation of the Green Finance Study Group, the Chinese government has, under its G20 presidency, signalled clear political support for the Agenda 2030.
The G20 should build on the world community’s decisions on the Agenda 2030 reached by its member states and support their implementation. The formulation of the G20 Action Plan on the Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development in particular was an important first step for the integration of the Agenda 2030 into the work of the G20. But it remains to be seen in how far the G20 work strands will actually absorb the relatively new topic of sustainability into their work. Another open question is how influential and assertive the G20 development group will be with regard to the integration of the Agenda 2030 into the other working groups. For this reason, the G20 development group should intensify its exchange with other working groups and actively develop cooperation.
With its coming G20 presidency, the German government bears a responsibility to also use this political momentum for the support of the Agenda 2030 and build on the initiatives for sustainable development under Chinese presidency. When it comes to the implementation of the Agenda 2030, Germany itself should set an example for other countries. A German initiative and a common systematic process for the creation of national reports for the G20 Action Plan on the Agenda 2030 would be an important step. Increasing the effectiveness would also require a binding timetable for the implementation of measures promoting sustainable development. In addition, Germany should support developing countries with the implementation of the Agenda 2030. This not only includes increasing official development assistance, but also technology transfer and knowledge sharing.