The 2030 Agenda and the Paris Agreement: voluntary contributions towards thematic policy coherence

Janetschek, Hanna / Clara Brandi / Adis Dzebo / Bernd Hackmann
Externe Publikationen (2019)

in: Climate Policy, 5 December 2019 (Online)

DOI: 10.1080/14693062.2019.1677549

In 2015, the Paris Agreement and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development were adopted, bringing about a shift from legally binding emission mitigation targets based on common metrics for developed countries only, towards voluntary commitments for all. Our content analysis of countries’ climate activities in 164 nationally determined contributions (NDCs) under the Paris Agreement reveals that these are closely connected to the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (2030 Agenda). This article explores the connections between the Paris Agreement and the 2030 Agenda at a global level, across all NDCs, and also analyses detailed connections at SDG target level for a subset of six developing countries. At the national level, focusing on developing countries that have not yet drafted a National Sustainable Development Strategy (NSDS) and taking account of both overlaps and gaps, the article suggests ways to promote thematic coherence between both agendas and make use of this unique window of opportunity to draft NSDSs and update NDCs, making them more ambitious.

About the author

Brandi, Clara

Economist and Political Scientist


Further experts

Aleksandrova, Mariya

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Bauer, Steffen

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Baumann, Max-Otto

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Chan, Sander

Enviroment Policy 

Fuhrmann, Hanna


Götze, Jacqueline

Political Scientist 

Hackenesch, Christine

Political Scientist 

Hilbrich, Sören


Hägele, Ramona

Political Scientist 

Iacobuta, Gabriela

Environmental Researcher 

Janus, Heiner

Political Scientist 

Keijzer, Niels

Social Scientist 

Kloke-Lesch, Adolf

Urban and regional planner 

Koch, Svea

Social Scientist 

Kuhn, Sascha

Social Psychologist 

Laudage, Sabine


Loewe, Markus


Lynders, Eva-Maria

Political Science 

Malerba, Daniele


Mathis, Okka Lou

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Never, Babette

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Pegels, Anna


Richerzhagen, Carmen

Agricultural and Environmental Economist 

Rodríguez de Francisco, Jean Carlo

Ecological Economist 

Scholz, Imme


Schwachula, Anna


Srigiri, Srinivasa Reddy

Agricultural Economist 

Stoffel, Tim

Political Scientist 

Sturm, Janina

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Wehrmann, Dorothea


Weinlich, Silke

Political Scientist