The developed/developing country division in the global economy: losing traction in the COVID-19 era?

Brandi, Clara / Clara Weinhardt
External Publications (2021)

in: Global Perspectives 2 (1), article 24318

DOI: 10.1525/gp.2021.24318
Information

This essay revisits the developed/developing country division in the global economy in the light of the economic repercussions of the COVID-19 pandemic. A trend that precedes the pandemic has been a seeming detachment of the binary distinction between “developed” versus “developing” countries and what has been described as growing economic diversity in the so-called “developing world.” While emerging markets such as Brazil, India, or China have been able to catch up economically with the “developed” world, many African, Middle Eastern, or South Asian countries are increasingly marginalized in the global economy. At the same time, there is an increasing recognition that poverty is rising within the so-called “developed” world. Against this context, we investigate whether the economic repercussions of the COVID-19 pandemic reinforce this trend and further blur the developed/developing country divide in the global economy. We find a nuanced picture that contains elements of both continuity and change: while the short-term implications of the COVID-19 pandemic cut across the developed/developing country distinction, its long-term economic repercussions largely reiterate the divide—with the exception of China among the emerging markets.

About the author

Brandi, Clara

Economy and Political Science

Brandi

Further experts

Baumann, Max-Otto

Political Science 

Berger, Axel

Political Science 

Dafe, Florence

Social Scientist 

Grimm, Sven

Political Science 

Hackenesch, Christine

Political Science 

Haug, Sebastian

Political Science 

Janus, Heiner

Political Science 

Klingebiel, Stephan

Political Science 

Olekseyuk, Zoryana

Economist 

Pegels, Anna

Economist 

Reiners, Wulf

Political Science 

Stender, Frederik

Economist 

Weinlich, Silke

Political Science