Assessment and review under a 2015 climate change agreement

Assessment and review under a 2015 climate change agreement

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Van Asselt, Harro / Håkon Sælen / Pieter Pauw
Externe Publikationen (2015)

Copenhagen: Norden

ISBN: 978-92-893-4072-4

In 2013, Parties to the United Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) were invited to prepare and communicate their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) under a 2015 international climate change agreement.
Assessment and review (A&R) of INDCs can help to ensure that these contributions are in line with internationally agreed objectives and principles. A&R can further help to establish and enhance transparency, trust and accountability between Parties by creating a shared understanding of Parties’ intended contributions, as well as the underlying information, data and assumptions. Moreover, A&R can help to increase ambition by providing an opportunity for feedback and exchange of ideas and approaches, and by encouraging additional reciprocal actions.
A&R can focus on Parties’ contributions individually or collectively. A distinction can further be made between ex ante A&R, taking place before contributions are formalized; A&R of implementation, taking place during a contribution period; and ex-post A&R, taking place upon the conclusion of a contribution period.
Several questions regarding the design and organization of A&R under a 2015 agreement are still outstanding. This report examines the options for A&R, with a focus on the following questions:

  • What exactly should be assessed and reviewed? And how should A&R account for the possibility that contributions may cover not only mitigation, but also means of implementation and adaptation? 

  • Should A&R processes be differentiated, and if so, how?
  • Against which criteria should contributions be assessed and reviewed?
  • When should A&R be carried out?
  • How should A&R be organized, and which actors should be involved in it?
  • How should A&R feed into new contributions?

About the author

Pauw, Pieter

Environment Scientist

Pauw

Further experts

Aleksandrova, Mariya

Climate risk governance 

Bauer, Steffen

Political scientist 

Baumann, Max-Otto

Political Scientist 

Brandi, Clara

Economist and Political Scientist 

Breuer, Anita

Political Scientist 

Chan, Sander

Enviroment Policy 

Dick, Eva

Sociologist and Spatial Planner 

El-Haddad, Amirah

Economist 

Fuhrmann, Hanna

Economist 

Haldenwang, Christian von

Political Scientist 

Houdret, Annabelle

Political Scientist 

Hägele, Ramona

Political Scientist 

Iacobuta, Gabriela

Environmental Researcher 

Kuhn, Sascha

Social Psychologist 

Leininger, Julia

Political Scientist 

Malerba, Daniele

Economist 

Mathis, Okka Lou

Political Scientist 

Mehl, Regine

Political Scientist 

Müngersdorff, Maximilian

Social Scientist 

Never, Babette

Political Scientist 

Nowack, Daniel

Political Scientist 

Pegels, Anna

Economist 

Rodríguez de Francisco, Jean Carlo

Ecological Economist 

Roll, Michael

Sociologist 

Srigiri, Srinivasa Reddy

Agricultural Economist 

Stoffel, Tim

Political Scientist