How to reduce poverty and address climate change? An empirical cross-country analysis and the roles of economic growth and inequality

Malerba, Daniele
Externe Publikationen (2018)

Manchester: The University of Manchester (GDI Working Paper 2018-32)

ISBN: 978-1-909336-68-1
Volltext/Document

How can countries eradicate poverty while also addressing climate change? Despite the necessity to deal with both issues simultaneously, no study has analysed the empirical relationship between the two aforementioned goals and the factors that drive these interlinkages. This paper addresses this gap in the literature, and the initial research question, by developing a framework to analyse this relationship and its drivers. It then econometrically tests the propositions derived from the framework, using data from 135 developed and developing countries. The paper’s findings show that the carbon intensity of poverty reduction (CIPR), defined as the ratio between proportional changes in emissions levels and the share of the population above the poverty line, is heterogeneous across countries. This heterogeneity is partly explained by economic growth, which is found to have a negative effect on the CIPR up to a certain income level, defined here as a ‘turning point’. Above that turning point, economic growth increases the CIPR. By contrast, inequality reduction is shown to have an unambiguous negative effect on the CIPR. The results are robust for different poverty lines and different model specifications. In addition, the research underlines the
tension between policy perspectives at the national and global levels.Economic growth, despite the potential to reduce the national carbon intensity of poverty reduction for the numerous countries that lie below the estimated turning points, needs to confront global environmental boundaries. Given this tension, the paper concludes that, alongside developed countries drastically reducing their emissions, developing countries should follow alternative development paths. Among them, a stronger greening of economic growth or an increased use of cash transfers and inequality-reducing policies are discussed.

Über den Autor

Malerba

Weitere Expertinnen/Experten zu diesem Thema

Aleksandrova, Mariya

Climate risk governance 

Bauer, Steffen

Politikwissenschaftler 

Brüntrup, Michael

Agrarökonom 

Burchi, Francesco

Entwicklungsökonom 

Dombrowsky, Ines

Ökonomin 

Hernandez, Ariel

Politikwissenschaftler 

Houdret, Annabelle

Politikwissenschaftlerin 

Negre, Mario

Ökonom 

Richerzhagen, Carmen

Agrar- und Umweltökonomin 

Rippin, Nicole

Ökonomin 

Rodríguez de Francisco, Jean Carlo

Umweltwissenschaftler 

Scholz, Imme

Soziologin 

Yu, Lu

Agrarökonomin